Biology of the Reptilia: Index D

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D cell of pancreas 3:331–332, 336–338

Daboia 20:506, 508

palaestinae 20:618

russelii 20:500, 618

Daedalosaurus 15:338

Daily

activity energy 13:247

cycle(s) 5:166–167, 261; 12:293

field respiration (see also Field metabolism) 13:246–247

resting energy 13:246–247

Dalophia 15:625–626; 16:114; 21:624, 633, 635, 676, 679, 682, 687–689, 706–707

longicauda 21:699, 706–707, 731

pistillum 21:699, 705–707, 731

Damonia (see also Chinemys) 5:389

Dampening mechanism of ear 2:262

Danaus 16:158

DAP (see Display action patterns)

Daphnia, meiotic restitution 15:479

Dark adaptation 2:45, 62, 76, 85; 17:142

cell (see Serous cells)

cell of parathyroid 3:254

Darlingtonia 19:226

haetiana 19:203

Dasia 15:639; 21:397

ear 2:271

jaw muscles 4:478

nose 2:120

Dasypeltinae, dentition 1:181

Dasypeltini 19:231

Dasypeltis 5:373; 7:500; 8:61, 591, 691–692; 12:464; 16:39, 44, 48, 119, 123, 129, 134, 145, 155, 161, 167, 191–196; 18:316; 19:66, 81, 96, 125–126, 128, 140, 148, 167, 203, 231; 20:556, 561, 571

atra 19:141, 203

axial muscles 11:357

axial skeleton 1:207, 297, 299

chondrocranium 11:136, 157–161, 168, 186

dentition 1:181

ear 2:269, 272

eye 2:62

fasciata 19:142, 203

inornata 19:123, 126, 203

jaw muscles 4:481

medici 19:203

nose 2:121, 179

pulmarum 19:152, 203

scabra 19:127, 152, 164, 203; 20:580, 637

Dasypus 16:12, 403

Daughter ions 18:123

Davenport’s method 6:283

DC drift 5:88

DDD reaction 6:248, 294

Dead space 19:155–156, 308

DEAE cellulose 8:178

Death 12:286

feign 7:382–383

Decalcification 3:2

Decamethonium 8:457, 463

Decapitation 5:61–62, 105

Decapod crabs 5:343

Decerebrated animals 19:301–392

Decidual reaction 15:548

Decksehne (see Temporal fascia)

Decompression sickness 13:26–28

Decussation 17:177

Dedifferentiation 15:355, 358–359

Deep

anesthesia 5:43

body temperature 12:20

caudal collectors 6:344–345, 348, 403–404, 406–407

collector of anterior limbs 6:345, 389, 391

collector of posterior limb (see Deep trunk of

the thigh)

femoral aponeurosis 21:377, 379, 390–391

flexor of the fifth metatarsal 21:393

hepatic collectors 6:426–427

jugular trunk 6:318–322, 324–327, 345, 347–348, 362, 373, 375, 378–381, 383–385, 387, 389, 397, 407, 410–411, 431

lymphatic nets 6:315

radial nerve 4:22

trunk of the thigh 6:336, 338, 342, 393–395

Defecation (see also Feces) 8:655; 18:133–134, 174–177

Defense (see also Home range defense; Route defense;

Specific site defense) 19:352, 54, 570

variation 7:284, 302–303, 312–315

Defensive

behavior 18:178, 393, 425

mechanisms(s) (see also Antipredator mechanisms;

Caudal autotomy; Parental care;

Morphology) 18:118–120, 122, 160–162

posture 18:475

secretions 18:201, 425

“Defibrinase” 8:495

Defibrination syndrome 8:489–490, 494–497, 513

Defocusing mass spectrometry 18:123

Defoliants 19:517

Degeneration 18:437

of cells 3:119, 125, 155

Deglutition (see also Swallowing) 19:118, 122, 137

Dehydration 5:36, 53, 103, 370, 385, 398, 401, 405, 451–452, 455–457, 468, 470, 475–477, 479, 489–490; 12:348–351, 353, 358–360, 364, 368, 379, 422–423, 468–472

rate 5:73

stress 5:104

Dehydroepiandosterone 6:80; 15:277, 580

Dehydrogenase 8:513; 17:465

Dehydroxydehydrogenase 6:77

Δ-3β-Dehydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase 6:77

17β-Dehydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase 6:74

Deimatic behavior (see Antipredator mechanisms)

Deinagkistrodon 15:654–655; 19:219

acutus 19:117, 123–124, 142, 192; 20:614

Deinonychosauridae 9:89

Deinosuchus, skull 4:280–281

Deiodination 3:202

De-ionizers 5:55

Deirochelys 13:307, 309; 14:90, 106, 182, 187, 190–191, 201, 206, 218, 228; 16:356, 391, 400, 437

axial muscles 11:371

blood chemistry 3:8

limbs 4:4

Deiropteryx 7:477

Delamination 14:113

Delayed reaction problems

comparisons with other taxa 7:614

Sauria 7:612–613

Testudines 7:611–612

Delma 7:469; 8:686; 15:329; 16:117, 205; 20:130– 136, 297

adrenal 3:280

axial skeleton 1:259, 267

blood cell morphology 3:76

butleri 20:129, 306

chondrocranium 11:83, 85

dentition 1:163

ear 2:242, 266, 271

eye 2:20, 26, 42

fraseri 20:297, 306; 21:7

molleri 20:132, 134–135, 306

nasuta 20:132, 306

parathyroid 3:255

pituitary 3:146, 168, 192

Delphinognathus 9:295, 299, 303–304

Delta cell 6:115

cells of pancreas (see D cell of pancreas)

cells of pituitary (see Thyrotrophic cells)

Delta-4-androstenedione 15:277

Delta-5–3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 14:339, 340; 15:242–243, 253, 260, 276–277

Deltoid muscle 6:389

nerve 4:22

Deltoids 21:32

Deltopectoral crest 4:14; 21:30, 41, 101–102, 105–110, 112–113, 244, 246, 254–256, 264, 267–268, 270–271, 275, 280

ridge 21:106–110

Demansia 7:389, 391, 503; 8:19, 24, 251, 262, 443, 456, 493; 12:132; 15:652; 16:149, 287, 520; 19:222; 21:577

acutirostris 8:24

atra 8:19; 19:152, 197

chondrocranium 11:164

ear 2:272

jaw muscles 4:482

olivacea 8:19; 19:197

papuensis 8:19

pituitary 3:139, 141

psammophis 8:19; 19:142, 197; 20:626

simplex 20:626

torquata 8:19; 19:152, 197

Demansiini 19:222

Demarcation groove 1:105

Deme (see also Population) 13:131–132

Demography 13:235, 242–244, 257–258, 289, 300–304

Den (see Hibernacula)

sites (see Hibernation sites)

Denaturation temperatures 5:208

Dendrelaphis 7:277, 500; 8:692; 15:652; 16:119, 145; 19:148, 157, 203, 231

calligaster 8:39

caudolineatus 19:203; 20:637

cyanochloris 19:127, 203

ear 2:269, 272

formosus 19:127, 203

pictus 19:127, 151, 203; 20:637

punctulatus 19:127, 203, 400, 418; 20:637

subocularis 19:203

tristis 19:127, 203; 20:637

Dendrites 2:77–79

Dendritic

bundle 10:118

enlargements 18:427

organs 5:413

spike 17:338

spine 10:262

Dendroaspidini 19:221

Dendroaspis 7:388–389, 394, 503; 8:19, 99, 106, 179, 184, 188–189, 193, 197–220, 222–224, 226–227, 242, 248, 250, 288–289, 295–296, 301, 305–306, 310, 316, 325–328, 334, 340, 345, 347, 349, 353–355, 362, 364–366, 369, 442–443, 448, 461, 468, 472, 474, 490, 663; 16:6, 8, 41, 56, 121, 149; 19:146, 221; 20:512, 532, 534–535, 542, 544, 549–550; 21:600

angusticeps 8:19, 99, 106, 174, 179, 184, 188, 193, 200, 203, 206–212, 219–220, 223–225, 242, 250–251, 262, 296, 301, 305–306, 310, 316, 325–327, 334, 340, 345, 347, 349, 355, 365–366, 442, 474, 663; 19:127, 196; 20:624

axial muscles 11:357

dentition 1:182–183

ear 2:272

jamesoni 8:19, 174, 193, 197, 200, 202–204, 206, 213–215, 219, 223, 296, 301, 305–306, 345, 349, 355, 442, 461, 468–469, 663; 19:142, 196; 20:624

jaw muscles 4:449–450, 453, 455, 482

polylepis 8:19, 193, 197–198, 200–201, 203–204, 206, 213–220, 222–223, 288, 296, 301, 305–306, 334, 340, 345, 349, 353, 355, 364, 366, 443, 448, 490; 19:112, 128, 142, 147, 159, 196, 356; 20:624

viridis 8:19, 187, 193, 204, 206, 219, 237, 248, 334, 353, 355, 362, 369, 443, 472, 663; 19:196; 20:624

Dendrolycus 19:225; 20:561

elapoides 19:203; 20:555, 632; 21:606

Dendrophidion 7:500; 16:145; 19:230

bivittatus 19:152, 203; 20:637

brunneus 19:203

dendrophis 19:203; 20:637

nuchalis 19:203

paucicarinatum 19:203

percarinatum 19:203

vinitor 19:203

Dendrophis melanostigma 20:642

Denervation 11:289; 19:314, 319, 468

Denisonia 7:504; 8:18–20, 25, 193, 246–247, 250–251, 260, 262, 288, 290, 456, 473, 478, 483, 506, 519; 15:654; 16:520; 19:222

adrenal 3:281

blood cell morphology 3:78

brunnea 8:24

dentition 1:177

devisii 8:19; 19:152, 197

dweryi 8:26

ear 2:272

eye 2:62

fasciata 8:19

jaw muscles 4:453, 482

maculata 8:19, 483; 19:127, 197; 20:626

punctata 8:19

Denmark 2:322

Denning behavior 5:176

Dense cored vesicle 9:320, 334, 358, 422

Density gradient techniques 5:69

Dental

battery 1:187–189

burr 5:94

formulae 4:242–243

gland(s) 8:49–50, 67, 69–71, 73, 141, 151

groove 1:127

lamina 1:130, 132, 135, 138–139, 141–145, 147, 150, 158, 188; 8:71, 141–142; 14:431; 21:559, 579

morphogenesis 14:8

organ 1:146

papilla (see also Teeth) 1:125, 146

parapet 21:601

parapet of the maxilla 21:563

tissues 14:526

Dentaries 21:594, 603

Dentary 1:119–120, 122–123, 142, 145, 151, 153, 156, 158–169, 172–173, 178–184, 186–192; 4:104, 108–109, 112, 116, 119, 124, 133–134, 138, 141–142, 158, 165, 172, 190, 202, 204, 210, 213, 216–219, 221, 229–230, 239243, 250, 254, 258, 280, 329, 356, 374, 436, 443, 458; 8:4; 11:10, 17, 63–64, 73, 81, 85, 113, 119, 124, 129, 133, 135, 143, 151, 156, 162, 179, 181, 184, 211–212, 214, 220, 231, 235, 240, 244; 14:126, 406, 419; 20:35–37, 43, 46, 61, 65, 74–76, 78, 89–91, 94, 98, 102–104, 114, 116, 125–127, 136–137, 150, 157–159, 163–166, 172, 174, 184, 186, 193, 195–196, 206–209, 217, 224, 226, 232, 234–235, 239–241, 247, 249, 273, 276, 278, 287, 356–357, 369, 371, 375, 377–379, 383, 391, 394, 400–401, 409–410, 412–413, 418–419, 421, 423, 425, 430–431, 433–434, 441, 423, 425, 430–431, 433–434, 441, 445, 447, 452–453, 455, 460–461, 463, 465, 467, 471, 479–481, 483, 487, 497, 501–502, 505–507, 509, 511, 513, 519–523, 530–531, 533, 538–529, 541, 543, 550, 552, 562, 566, 569, 579–581, 587–588, 595–596; 21:593, 597, 600, 602, 607–609

symphysis 20:370

teeth 20:44, 46, 412, 444, 451, 460, 519–520, 522, 549–550, 522, 549–550, 581–582

-compound joint 20:385

Denticles 14:404–406, 414, 423, 431, 586

Denticulate teeth (see Serrate teeth)

Dentigerous

bones 20:429

process 20:431, 474, 481, 513, 518, 531

surface 20:494, 514, 516

Dentinal tubule 1:125

Dentine 1:118, 125–126, 141–142, 144–149, 151, 173; 14:431

Dentition (see also Teeth) 6:226; 8:144, 698; 19:94; 20:6, 40, 64, 92, 109, 118, 138, 167, 174, 217–218

Deoxycholic acid 19:514

Deoxycorticosterone 6:76; 15:580–581 11-deoxycorticosterone 6:84

Deoxygenation 5:262

Deoxyglucose labeling 17:422

Deoxyribonucleic acid (see DNA)

Depolarization 19:389

of myocardium 5:290

pathway 5:93

pattern 5:93

Depolarizing pulses 11:330

Depression 8:449

Depressor

fiber 10:13

mandibulae(i) 21: 482, 612

palpebrae inferioris 2:9, 11, 13–14, 49, 67, 74

palpebralis inferior (see Depressor palpebrae

inferioris)

reflex 12:247

Depth perception 17:317

Derived condition 19:142, 145

Dermal

armor 1:9, 232, 311, 319–331, 336–337

bone 11:5, 8, 10, 39, 59–63, 123–125, 132, 151–157, 199, 218–220, 227, 244–245, 372; 14:526

carapace (see Carapace)

chromatophore (see also Color change; Skin) 18:306–308, 316, 318, 321

collegen 14:528–529

lamina 6:372

lymphatic vessels 6:367–373

musculature 4:162

mucopolysaccharides 14:530

ossification 20:357, 367, 374, 377, 406, 584, 588

parasphenoid 20:27

scutes 1:8

shield (see Dermal armor)

skeleton 14:529

Dermatemydidae 12:136; 14:80; 16:391, 412, 436, 526

head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:153

limbs 4:20, 53, 91

nose 2:184

Dermatemyidae 16:361, 391, 412, 436, 525, 540–541, 551–552, 576

axial skeleton 1:211, 213, 215

shell 1:334, 336

Dermatemys 14:80; 16:391, 436

blood chemistry 3:50

eye 2:68–69

head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:153

limbs 4:4, 66, 76, 79, 88, 90, 95

nose 2:113

Dermatocranium 20:7–8, 12, 25–26, 47–48, 50–51, 54, 140, 259, 276, 285, 288

Dermatodon, origin and evolution 1:12

Dermatome 14:121; 15:67

Dermis 1:312–313; 2:9, 278, 282, 308; 9:418; 11:82, 132, 372; 20:426; 21:220

and fracture plane 15:321

carapacial 14:151

differentiation 14:526, 528–538

fat 15:321–328

structure 14:529, 566–568

Dermochelyidae 5:327; 7:464; 12:136, 140–141, 379; 14:80, 271, 281, 311, 313, 317; 19:19

axial muscles 11:356

axial skeleton 1:213, 215

chondrocranium 11:223–225

ear 2:279

eye 2:68

head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:104, 154

internal relief of gut 6:160

limbs 4:13–14, 17, 20, 26, 58, 76, 91, 100

shell 1:320, 328, 334, 336

Dermochelyoidea, axial skeleton 1:210, 217, 222, 224

Dermochelys 5:189; 7:464; 8:670; 9:5, 9, 11–12; 12:140–141, 195–196; 13:11, 307; 14:80, 88, 95, 124–126, 131, 133–134, 140–142, 148, 154, 156, 158, 178, 211, 271, 273, 276–278, 281, 294, 301, 305–313, 315–316, 375, 529; 15:86–87; 16:354, 362, 365, 391, 396, 398, 436, 552; 19:403–405

axial muscles 11:356

axial skeleton 1:223

blood chemistry 3:8, 34

chondrocranium 11:219, 223–225, 227

coriacea 18:315; 19:355, 405, 417

ear 2:270

eye 2:68

head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:104, 108–110, 118–119, 123–124, 126, 154, 156–159, 163, 165–166, 170, 172–174, 176, 179–180

histology of gut 6:243

internal relief of gut 6:160, 163

limbs 4:2–3, 14–15, 17–18, 21, 24, 28–30, 35, 39, 41, 45–46, 48–49, 53–54, 56, 60, 66, 68, 72, 75, 88–89, 91, 93–96, 100

nose 2:104, 108, 111–114, 159–160, 175, 177, 181, 184

shell 1:328–329

urinogenital system 6:11

Dermocranium 14:312

Dermophis 16:8

Dermosupraoccipital (see Postparietal)

Dermovascular temperature 5:312–313

Descemet’s layer (of cornea) 2:15, 22, 50, 68, 75

Descending

pathway 10:85, 123

process of parietal 20:150, 159–160, 162, 166, 180, 183, 194; 21:506, 512

process of the frontal 21:541

Descensus cordis 19:37

Described behavior, definition 7:336

Desemys, shell 1:333

Desert

adaptations 2:277

community 5:170

conditions 5:365–366, 370, 398, 401

environment 5:404

iguana (see Dipsosaurus)

modifications for 3:15, 30

reptiles 5:98, 424, 451, 455–458, 466, 471, 474–475, 478, 489, 491, 494

species 15:635, 638–639

species of snakes 5:175

Desiccation 5:103, 370, 404; 8:563

Desiccator 5:72, 78

Desmodus 17:382

Desmognathus 13:234, 260

caudal regeneration 15:359

Desmosome(s) 3:121–123, 125–126; 5:418; 14:60–61, 619, 622, 702, 707; 6:241, 259, 284–286, 292–293; 9:415, 422

in apical ridge 15:64–65

of chorionic cells 15:556

testicular cell 15:157

Desoxycorticosterone 3:311; 15:594

Desoxyribonuclease (DNAase) (see Endonuclease)

Desoxyribonucleic acid (see DNA)

Desynchronization 10:326

Detergent 19:513

Determatube U 5:67

Determinate growth 1:81, 101; 12:8; 13:276, 278–279

Deterrent capacity 8:8

Detour problems

effect of drugs 7:611

Sauria 7:612–613

Serpentes 7:614

Testudines 7:610–611

Detoxification 19:497

Deuterated water (HDO) 12:336, 484

Deuterencephalon 14:128

Deuterium 13:238–240

oxide 5:69–70

Development(al) (see also Antipredator mechanisms,

ontogeny; Embryos; Ontogeny) 18:199; 19:18, 473, 488, 491, 511; 20:6–8, 10, 14, 30, 64, 80, 106, 117, 159, 167, 198, 226, 257

abnormalities/anomalies 14:14, 21, 192, 239, 451–460; 19:114, 524

and temperature (see Incubation, and temperature;

Temperature and development)

arrest 14:14, 94, 110, 181, 183–202, 240–241, 279, 498; 15:27, 562

central nervous system 14:227, 452

cranio-fascial 14:452, 458–459

digits 14:454, 457

duration 14:188–189, 498

embryological 18:43, 447–450

effects on adult sexuality 18:15–16

extra-uterine 14:217

eye 14:224, 305, 452–453, 456, 458

indices 14:13, 92–99, 240, 279–280

jaw 14:305, 453, 456, 459

limb 14:305, 447, 454

of liver 19:487–488

pancreatic 19:560

rate 14:13, 272, 397

series 20:420, 510

studies 19:22, 67

tail 14:454

teeth 14:453

thermal limit 14:115

tongue 14:456, 459

vertebral column 14:455

viscera 14:455

Devises for measuring temperature 5:31–32

Dewlap 11:91, 95

coloration 18:299, 333, 336, 340–344, 383–385

geographic variation 18:383–384

species recognition 18:383–384, 399

extension 18:316, 344

hyoid apparatus 18:333, 335, 343

pteridines 18:305, 308, 343

Dexamethasone 5:430, 471

Dextran 5:59

Diabetes mellitus 19:524

Diadectes 9:66, 68–71, 138–139, 294–295

dentition 1:121–122, 124, 150–151

origin and evolution 1:9–10, 12–14, 31

Diadectidae 9:57, 121; 19:74

dentition 1:121

origin and evolution 1:9–14, 18, 30–31, 38–39

Diadectomorpha 9:66

dentition 1:150–151

origin and evolution 1:9–10

shell 1:311

Diadectomorphs 19:46, 68, 71

Diademodon 9:61, 133, 299

nose 2:153

Diadophis 5:45, 133, 147–149, 160, 164; 7:116, 220, 225–227, 386, 500; 8:594, 655, 692; 12:128, 130–131, 256, 456, 464; 13:67, 115, 204, 301, 309, 312; 15:27, 652, 662; 16:11, 20, 23, 39, 119, 127, 130, 133, 145, 482–483, 485, 519, 534; 19:228

blood chemistry 3:51

ear 2:269, 272

eye 2:61

punctatus 18:120; 19:166, 168, 203

punctatus arnyi 18:129, 477

urinogenital system 6:27, 38, 42, 63, 97, 99

Diagonal

band 17:600

couplet gait 4:6–7

sequence gaits 4:7–8

Dialysis (Dialysable components) 8:196, 520, 571–572

Diamondback terrapin (see Malaclemys)

Diapause 15:50–51

embryonic 14:13, 101, 110, 116, 169, 181, 185–193, 202, 228, 333

Diaphorolepis 19:224

laevis 19:203

wagneri 19:203; 20:650

Diaphragm 4:182; 5:229; 14:438; 19:24, 38–39, 69, 353, 487, 489

Diaphragma sellae 20:27

Diaphyseal cortex 1:54, 74

Diaphysis 1:48, 53, 55, 61–62, 72

Diapophyses 1:202, 209, 229–231, 236–237, 252, 284–285; 11:374

Diapsid(a) 1:7; 19:68–69; 20:4, 68, 249, 251, 258, 260–264, 268, 276, 285; 21:185

structure 4:202

Diastase 3:247, 251; 6:271

Diastema 1:169, 176, 181, 189; 20:482, 528, 545, 551, 572–573, 581

Diastole 5:287, 292, 296; 19:385, 389, 397, 428, 437, 439–446, 450–451

Diastolic

potentials 5:293

pressure 5:286, 291

volume 5:286

Diazo coupling reaction 6:248, 255–256, 270, 294–295

Diazomethane 18:199

Dibamidae (dibamid) 9:166, 335, 337–338; 12:99, 306, 472; 15:326, 329, 664; 16:35, 38, 138, 294, 529; 17:248; 19:21; 20:15, 23, 33, 75, 116, 126, 137, 148, 157, 164, 205, 241–243, 245–247, 253, 255–256, 264–267, 269–274, 284–285, 309, 354, 363, 410, 583–584, 586; 21:485, 507, 526, 546, 564

adrenal 3:283

axial muscles 11:357

axial skeleton 1:204, 209, 242, 253–254, 259, 262–263, 267, 269, 276, 285

chondrocranium 11:85

ear 2:240–241, 246, 271

eye 2:14, 87

jaw muscles 4:370–374, 479

pituitary 3:195

thyroid 3:205

Dibamus 15:122; 17:12; 20:241–247, 249, 252, 254, 303, 309; 21:476, 488, 539

argenteus 20:243

axial muscles 11:357, 386–387, 393, 414

axial skeleton 1:243, 253–255, 257–260, 266, 289

chondrocranium 11:67, 85, 195, 197

ear 2:244, 246, 271

eye 2:13, 24, 43, 46, 48

jaw muscles 4:370–374, 413, 439, 479

novaeguineae 20:242–243, 245, 303, 309; 21:7

taylori 20:246, 304, 309

Dibenamine 10:36

Dicamptodon 21:46

Dichlorisopropylnoradrenaline hydrochloride 5:308

Dichocephalus rib (see Bicipital rib)

Dicraeosaurus 9:57, 98

Dicrodon 7:278, 304; 15:325; 16:118; 20:174, 176, 178, 184

ear 2:271

heterolepis 20:174, 301

lentiginosus 20:177, 301

Dictyosomes 3:289, 301

Dicumarol 8:497

Dicynodon 9:130–131, 299

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:90

Dicynodont 9:68, 127, 130–132, 299

Dicynodontia

eye 2:80

jaw muscles 4:472

Di-cystine linkages 3:329, 331

Didelphis 8:378; 10:65, 69, 78–79, 84, 94–95, 166, 180, 188–192; 21:331

feminization of testis 15:257

limb regeneration 15:390

Diencephalon (see also Epithalamus; Hypothalamus;

Thalamus) 3:137, 159–160, 168; 9:56, 173–174, 176–178, 184, 221, 224–225, 234–236, 238, 245, 253, 255–256, 258–259, 261, 263, 271, 288–289; 10:77, 88, 133, 188, 270, 274, 294; 12:224, 233, 242; 14:128, 130, 434, 515, 706, 714; 15:12

Diet (see also Life history traits, diet; Predators

of reptiles; Turtles) 5:24, 98, 170, 172, 370, 385, 388, 390–391, 401–403, 405, 408, 436–437, 478, 486, 491

Dietary

deficiency 12:420, 431

electrolytes 5:390

Diethyl

ether 18:123

pyrocarbonate 19:345

Diethylstilbestrol 15:263

Differential growth 19:114

Diffusing capacity 19:15, 57–59, 62–63, 72, 77

Diffusion 5:479, 486, 490, 493, 495; 19:302, 326

anatomical factor 19:56–57

barrier 19:54–56, 76–77, 300

capacity 19:56, 58

distance 19:63

equilibration 19:470

factor 19:53, 75

limitation 19:326–328, 331–333

limitation of cutaneous gas exchange 13:38

limitation of oxygen transport 13:30

morphometry 19:56–57

of oxygen 5:225, 249

rate 5:225–226

time 19:63

Digestibility coefficient 8:656–657

Digestion 8:589–698; 12:30, 41, 43, 65, 142–143, 145, 168, 175, 302; 19:136–137, 322, 462, 474, 513

efficiency 8:656–657, 666

influence of temperature on 8:590, 594

of chitin 8:590, 657–658

of meat 8:628

of plant tissue 8:590, 630–635

rate of 8:654–656

Digestive

enzymes 8:451; 14:211

gland 8:43

juice (see also Gastric juice) 10:21

process 8:6

tract 3:104, 210, 320, 332; 8:43, 698

histology 6:225–312

internal relief 6:159–223

lymphatics of 6:407–428

Digit

development 14:13, 159, 294, 404–407, 409, 510; 15:17, 77–82, 86, 116

duplication 14:447

four 21:178

number 15:136–138

pattern 15:136

suppression 15:115, 136–138

variation 15:129

Digital

arch 21:25

collectors 6:371, 390–392, 394–395

lymphatic sac 6:367, 391

lymphatic vessels 6:390

hypertension 21:188

length 21:187

ligament system 21:132

plate 14:159, 290, 292, 294, 510

reduction 21:134

scansors 11:82; 15:341

sesamoids 21:189

Digitalis 8:481

Digitalization 5:83

Digitigrady 1:47, 337

Digits 21:47, 55, 111, 131, 133, 282

Dihydrotestosterone (see also Androgen, dihydrotestosterone) 13:217; 15:277

Dihydroxyphenylalanine 19:508

Diiodotyrosine 3:201–202, 214–215

Diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) 8:166, 321, 330, 333, 484, 504, 507

Dilator muscle of naris 2:146–147

Dimethyl-amino-benzaldehyde nitrate 6:294

Dimethyl-phenylpiperasinium 8:654

Dimethylheptenol 18:203

N-Dimethyltriptamine 8:194

Dimetrodon 9:68, 125–126, 138, 297–300

bone 1:74, 76

chondrocranium 11:21–22

eye 2:80

origin and evolution 1:14

Dimorphism 19:123

Dinamodon 9:299

Dinilysia 21:471–473, 479, 483–485, 490–492, 496, 499, 507–510, 516, 520–522, 526, 528, 530–531, 533–538, 541, 547–556, 563–564, 570, 573, 577, 579, 581–583, 585, 587–588, 591, 593, 599–600, 602–604, 609–614

chondrocranium 11:172

origin and evolution 1:6

patagonica 20:595

Dinilysiidae 20:595

Dinitrophenol 11:330 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) 8:520; 14:646

Dinocephalia 9:68, 127–128, 299

Dinodon 16:145, 232; 19:230; 21:577

eye 2:62, 91

flavozonatum 19:203; 20:637

jaw muscles 4:441

orientale 19:153, 203

rufozonatum 19:203; 20:572, 637

semicarinatum 19:203

septentrionale 19:203

Dinosaur(s) 5:190–191; 8:609; 9:12, 43, 53–54, 56, 58–61, 63–64, 66–67, 79, 91, 101, 114, 136, 167; 10:60; 12:277, 284, 289; 15:284; 21:38

axial skeleton 1:207

bone 1:47, 73–75

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:109, 112

origin and evolution 1:1

Diol phospholipids 8:266

Dioxin 19:517

Dioxylbenzol 6:284

Dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine 19:349

Diphenhydramine 8:507

Diphosphoglyceric acid 3:46

Diphosphoinositide 8:266

Diphydontosaurus 20:64–65, 69, 250, 252, 257, 259

avonis 20:291

Diphyly of reptiles 1:39

Diphyodonty 1:120, 194

Diplocynodon, skyll 4:280

Diplodactylidae 20:306

Diplodactylinae (see also Gekkonidae) 19:25

axial skeleton 1:243

eye 2:22, 26, 29, 45, 88–89

Diplodactyline(s) 20:38, 40, 117–120, 122; 21:132, 141

Diplodactylus 7:58, 69, 293, 466; 12:121–123, 145, 460; 15:328, 344, 367; 16:20, 32–33, 56, 127, 138, 251–252, 259; 21:397

byrnei 20:306

ear 2:266

granariens 20:306

vittatus 18:254, 256

williamsi 19:27, 78

Diplodocus 7:7; 9:54, 57, 61, 64, 98–101

dentition 1:187

eye 2:80

lymphatics 6:455

nose 2:152

Diploë 1:73

Diploglossa

adrenal 3:281, 283–284, 289–291

blood cell morphology 3:82

dentition 1:139, 168–171

jaw muscles 4:351, 405, 418

Diploglossidae 20:195

Diploglossinae 20:308

Diploglossine 20:197–202, 204, 206, 208–209

Diploglossus 7:495; 12:118; 15:626, 628, 669; 16:137, 283, 297; 19:27, 29–30, 32, 38, 78; 20:200, 202, 204, 207–208, 273

axial skeleton 1:242, 261, 268, 270

chondrocranium 11:101

ear 2:271

fasciatus 19:28

lessonae 18:324, 394; 20:197, 302

millepunctatus 20:302

monotropis 20:309

occiduus 19:78; 20:302

tenuifasciatus 19:28, 78

warreni 19:28, 79

Diplolaemus 7:477; 20:88, 292

Diplometopon 8:690; 10:204; 12:459; 19:557; 21:142, 636, 712, 717–719, 722, 724–728

axial skeleton 1:272, 274–275

chondrocranium 11:126, 132

ear 2:225, 268, 271

pancreas 3:324, 328

zarudnyi 21:623, 626–627, 722–723, 725, 731

Diploneury in M. iliocostalis 11:403, 431

Diplopodia 15:136

Diplotene 14:51–56, 58, 60, 64

Diplovertebron, origin and evolution 1:25, 32–33

Dipneustei (see also Lungfish) 19:564

Dipnoa, conus 14:437

Dipnoan 17:208; 19:571

Dipnoi

head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:114

urinogenital system 6:3

Dipodomys 12:496; 13:182, 189

deserti 18:180

Dipole

boundary 5:92

surface 5:87

Diporiphora 7:86; 8:678; 12:107–108, 460; 15:331; 16:258–259

blood cell morphology 3:76

Dipsadidae 8:4, 73, 149

internal relief of gut 6:193

jaw muscles 4:441, 469, 481

Dipsadinae 8:4, 73, 149; 19:103, 117, 228–229; 20:555, 561, 563, 577–578, 649

dentition 1:182

eye 2:91

jaw muscles 4:441

taxonomic literature 2:320

Dipsadini 19:131–133, 229

Dipsadoboa 16:145; 19:100, 203, 230; 20:578

aulica 19:203; 20:637

brevirostris 20:637

dentition 1:180–181

duchesnei 19:203; 20:637

elongata 20:578, 638

flavida 20:637

shrevei 19:100, 203; 20:637

underwoodi 20:637

unicolor 19:203; 20:638

viridis 19:203; 20:638

weileri 20:638

werneri 20:638

Dipsadomorphus cynodon 20:635

Dipsadomorus bucephalus 20:650

Dipsas 5:133, 148; 7:500; 8:663; 13:308; 16:190, 230–231; 19:132, 139, 203, 229; 20:571– 573, 578

albifrons 19:203; 20:650

annulata (see also Sibon) 19:203

boettgeri 19:203

brevifacies 20:650

bucephala 20:650

catesbyi 19:203

gaigeae 19:203; 20:578, 580, 650

gracilis 19:203

indica 19:106, 162, 203; 20:650

irregularis 20:635

jaw muscles 4:441–443, 481

latifasciata 19:203

latifrontalis 19:203

oreas 19:203

pavonina 19:203; 20:650

peruana 19:203

sanctijoannis 19:203

schunkii 19:203

variegata 19:203; 20:650

vermiculata 19:203

viguieri 19:203

Dipsina 19:225

multimaculata 19:153, 203

Dipsosaurus 5:7, 9, 30, 37, 130, 141–144, 158, 160–162, 168–170, 178–183, 185, 187, 194–195, 200, 202, 204–207, 210, 245, 255, 260, 264, 298, 312, 315, 355, 369, 373, 375–376, 378, 384, 387, 390, 392, 394, 399, 402, 404–406, 420, 423, 426, 429–430, 458, 471, 491; 7:8, 10, 21, 25, 50, 99, 101, 103, 114, 118, 262, 274, 323, 360, 477, 567, 593–594, 596–597, 605–606, 617, 623–624, 628, 630, 634, 637, 644–645, 662–663; 8:611–612, 631, 656–657, 661, 683; 10:203, 229; 12:34–35, 40, 42–43, 55, 62–63, 69, 98, 101, 1–3, 176–178, 218–219, 228–229, 231, 252, 284, 295–296, 330, 333–334, 338, 340, 346–347, 351–354, 357, 359–360, 364–365, 369, 371, 375, 383–385, 431, 447–448, 460, 471, 487–488, 498; 13:62–63, 65–66, 68–70, 97, 100, 105, 129, 157, 161, 165, 170–172, 179–188, 203, 207–208, 220, 297, 308, 311; 14:11, 543, 545, 639, 648–649, 658, 663, 700; 15:41, 280, 330, 365, 382; 16:139, 248, 258, 461, 464–465, 472, 514, 544, 547, 565, 583; 17:71, 99, 246, 249, 302, 341, 343, 457; 18:168, 170, 173, 181, 247–248, 254, 256–257, 273, 329, 346, 441, 443, 464, 472, 495; 20:82, 88–90, 265, 267, 269; 21:87, 152, 220, 223, 247, 257, 361

adrenal 3:280

axial skeleton 1:270

blood cell morphology 3:76, 78

blood chemistry 3:35, 43

dentition 1:155–156

dorsalis 15:306, 348; 19:355; 20:292, 305; 21:44, 46–48, 61, 205–207, 209

ear 2:265, 270

jaw muscles 4:445, 482

muscle tissue 11:317, 336

nose 2:119, 125, 128–129, 133, 176, 178, 180

parathyroid 3:259

pit organs 2:277

urinogenital system 6:59, 73, 78, 81, 100–101, 104, 117

Diptheria toxin 8:566; 14:638

Direct lytic factor (DLF) 8:267–268, 381, 486–488, 510, 517, 521, 526

Directional

reception of infra-red radiation 2:285–286, 292–293, 296

sensitivity 10:291

Directionally selective unit 17:331

Disaturated phospholipids 19:349, 351

Discoid receptor 9:416, 425–426, 428–430, 432

Discosauriscidae, origin and evolution 1:25

Discrimination (see Chemical discrimination;

Confounded discrimination; Olfactory

discrimination; Spatial discrimination;

Visual discrimination)

Disease (see also Pathology) 5:21–22, 24–27; 19:302

bacterial 14:211–212

grafts vs host 14:637

immune related 14:664–666

neoplastic 14:665–666

nutritional 14:211–212

of snakes 5:25

parasitic 14:614

Dishabituation 7:572

Disinfectant 5:98–99

Disk 9:346; 17:5

Dispholidinae 8:90

Dispholidini 19:141, 147, 162, 232

Dispholidus 7:500; 8:39, 83, 86, 90–91, 94, 151, 440, 505, 664, 692; 9:30; 16:23, 119, 123, 145; 19:127, 146, 232; 20:567

ear 272

jaw muscles 4:445, 482

typus 8:39–40, 86, 90–91, 94, 440–441, 663, 692; 19:127, 153, 203, 377, 418; 20:638

Displaced bipolar cells 2:36, 38–39, 41–42, 54, 66, 72

Display (see Acts; Act, system; Assertion display;

Color pattern; Social communication)

action patterns 7:425, 437, 439

aggressive charge 7:414

aggressive postures 7:416

character displacements 7:441–443

circling 7:414

courtship nod 7:412

courtship stand 7:414

courtship variation due to environment 7:443–444

effect of predation 7:443

evolutionary modification 7:447–450

female enticing 7:414

female rejection 7:413–414

foreleg 7:413

generalized movements 7:415

genetic basis of variation 7:453–454

head-nod 7:412

interspecific and intraspecific variation 7:436–439

neck-bend 7:412

non-adaptive variation 7:445

ontogenetic variation 7:438

pattern variance 7:272, 276–277, 281–282, 289, 291, 297–299, 302

push-up evolutionary trends 7:449–450

related to morphology 7:441

signaling 7:415–416

signature 7:271, 409–412, 436

factors eliciting 7:411–412

functions 7:409–411

interspecific variation 7:436

intraspecific variation 7:437–438

submissive posture 7:412–413

tail 7:414

taxonomic value 7:450–453

titillation bout 7:415

visual 7:456

vocal 7:293, 464–465

Dissé space 19:494, 503, 507

Dissection 5:19

guides 19:99

Dissociation constant 5:252, 338, 340, 344, 348

Distal

carpal(s) 4:18–20, 42, 47, 49, 50; 21:118–120, 123–124, 126, 300

carpal I 21:121, 126

carpal II 21:121, 126

carpal III 21:121, 126

carpal IV 21:121–122, 125–126

carpal V 21:121, 125–126

convoluted tubule (see Distal segment of

uriniferous tubule)

lobe of pituitary 3:137, 139–140, 142–145, 147–162, 164–194, 196

nephrons 5:473–478

phalanges 21:130

segment of uriniferous tubule 6:22–23, 34–39, 45–48

(surface of tooth) 1:118–119

tarsal(s) 4:57–59, 85, 89; 21:125, 163, 165, 173, 175, 182, 185, 191

tibiofibular ligament 21:160

tubule (see Distal segment of uriniferous

tubule)

tubules 5:467–469, 471–473, 475, 477–478, 480, 492

Disteira 8:27, 38; 13:40; 19:223

kingii 8:27; 19:107, 198; 20:626

major 8:27; 19:151, 198

schistosa 20:627

Distillation 5:55

Distress calls (see Antipredator mechanisms,

alarm calls; Parental care, alarm calls)

Distributed system 17:333

Distribution 12:32

Disturbance 5:42, 51, 100, 103, 306

Disulfide 3:18, 39

bond 3:329

DIT (see Diiodotyrosine)

Ditaxodon taeniatus 20:653

Ditypophis 19:225

vivax 19:204; 20:632

Diuresis 5:461, 467, 470, 473–474, 478, 482, 488, 490; 6:117

Diurnal cycle 5:129, 356

cycles 3:217

habits 2:20, 23, 32, 41, 45, 50, 52, 62–63, 79, 81, 87–88, 92; 3:192

lizards 5:401–402

organisms 5:35

temperate-zone species 5:24

temperature fluctuations 5:355

tests 5:153

Diverse food preferences 5:23

Diversity 5:2–3, 19, 209, 225, 266, 365, 414, 427

in geological time 7:6–8

indices of (Shannon, Simpson) 7:3

of microhabitats 7:17

of resource overlap 7:4–5

of resource utilization 7:4–5

of resources 7:4–5

spatial 7:5, 12–18

species (see Species diversity)

taxonomic 7:5

temporal 7:5

trophic 7:5, 18–22

Diverticulum of nasopharyngeal duct 11:212

Diving 5:196–198, 207, 230, 242–243, 245, 247–248, 254–255, 250–262, 265, 277, 287, 291–292, 303–306, 310, 317–325, 327, 351, 353, 360; 12:241, 428; 13:8, 13–15, 23; 19:69, 105, 137, 146, 150, 154, 170, 300, 330, 333–336, 376, 390, 438, 455–456, 462–463, 466, 468, 474, 486, 489, 512, 524

depth 13:25–30

duration 13:18

energetic cost 13:7, 9

forced 13:24–25, 182

modifications for 3:17–20, 53

response 13:1, 192

voluntary 13:6, 17–24, 192

DNA 3:44; 6:113, 229, 267, 294; 12:341; 19:497– 498, 503

polymerase 15:135

synthesis

and cell shape 14:570

apical ridge 15:92, 124

epidermis 14:556–557, 577, 581

in caudal regeneration 15:352, 358

skin 14:559

Dob (see Uromastyx)

Dog 7:191, 600–601; 8:194, 464, 475, 478–481, 486, 503, 508, 525, 601

blood 5:345

Dogania, head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:104, 154

Dogfish shark 5:344

Dogs 5:1, 11, 491

Dolichols 19:507

Dolichosauridae 20:196

axial skeleton 1:255

chondrocranium 11:114

Dolichosaurus 20:585; 21:17

Doliophis (see Maticora)

Dominance (see also Social behavior) 18:186, 192–193

hierarchies 7:270, 303, 306–309

Donor anumal 5:54

Dopamine 10:247–249, 251, 260; 12:238; 17:26, 65, 70, 156–157, 589

-β-hydroxylase 10:249

containing neurons 18:445–446

Dormancy (see Aestivation; Hibernation) 5:168–169

Dormouse 8:378

Dorsal

aorta (see also Aorta) 14:438

aponeurosis of M. adductor mandibulae

externus 1b 4:359–361, 364–365

capitate process 4:228

collector of anterior limb 6:318–320, 376–377, 385, 388–389, 392, 398

collector of posterior limb 6:318–320, 332, 334–335, 360, 376, 392–393–395

column 10:122

conchal zone (see Extraconchal space)

connecting vessel 19:395, 397

crest of supraoccipital 20:449

diencephalic sulcus 9:222

disc 1:314

ganglion 17:520–521, 610, 651, 685

gland 18:166, 188

glenoid butress 21:263

horn 9:179–181; 17:389, 633, 685

laminae of nasal 20:365, 470

lappet of prefrontal 20:438–439, 441, 450, 464, 473, 476

longitudinal venous sinus 2:208

mediastinal plexus 6:323–324, 354

nasal gland (see External nasal gland)

nasal vein 2:13

pancreatic Anlage 3:320

paraseptal apophyses 1:271

part of the perivertebral lymphatic system 6:401–402

peduncle of lateral forebrain (see Lateral

forebrain bundle)

plate 11:16, 102–103

pocket of choanal tube 2:116–117, 166, 170–171

posterior process of vomer 20:523

process of columellar apparatus 11:33–35, 57–58, 67, 71, 80, 94, 109, 118–119, 124, 140, 148–149, 153, 173–174, 192, 196, 198, 215, 226, 233, 237, 239, 243

process of extrastapes 2:199–200, 229, 233

process of squamosal 20:86, 100, 104, 116, 128, 173, 178, 185, 194, 214, 261–262, 282

pulmonary collector 6:432–433

ramus of spinal nerve 11:356, 358, 364–367

recess 2:107, 111–112

rib 11:356

root 9:183; 10:80, 85, 100–101, 120–122, 125, 128, 137, 139, 147, 155, 161; 17 :520

lateral division 10:79–80, 82, 137

medial division 10:79–80, 82, 84, 137

projection 10:79, 82–83, 121

terminal zone 17:651

ventricular ridge 10:253, 259, 270, 274, 282, 294, 309, 311–314, 316–317, 328–330, 332

sac 9:222, 225, 270, 272, 285, 335–337, 366, 369, 371

snout 20:415, 436, 456, 462

superficial collector of the posterior limb 6:336

temporal arch 4:293–294, 296–297, 299, 311–315, 317–318, 322, 326, 329–331, 335–336, 339, 349, 363, 375–376, 378, 382, 386–387, 394, 407, 415–416, 419–420, 423, 433–434, 466–467, 470–471

thalamic cell field 17:679

thalamus (see Thalamus)

ventricular ridge 9:233–234

vertebrae 1:203–205, 209–210, 222–224, 226, 229–232, 235, 249, 261–263, 272, 281, 290–294, 296, 298, 300–301

vertebra–costal ligament 1:278

Dorsale Tasche des Choanenganges (see Dorsal

pocket of choanal tube)

Dorsetisaurus 20:196

Dorsiflexion (see Extension of the hindlimb)

Dorsocapular group 21:210

Dorsolateral

process of septomaxilla 20:476, 483, 524, 559–560

surface 5:93

Dorso-lateraler Muschelraum (see Extraconchal

space)

Dorso-ulnar collector (see Dorsal collector of

anterior limb)

Dorsolateral area 10:174

Dorsum 5:87

sellae 4:224, 228, 245, 250, 257; 9:58, 70, 81, 109, 111–112, 122, 126, 134; 11:13, 110, 112, 207, 230, 242; 20:25, 27, 30, 192, 195, 206, 246, 248, 276

Doryura 15:514

Dosages 5:43–47, 49–51, 53, 100, 102, 126, 463–464, 476–477, 479–480

Double

capillary net 19:14, 17

cell 2:2–3, 35–36, 38, 41–42, 48, 61, 65–66, 85

circulation 5:281, 288–289

cone 2:32, 34, 37, 40, 57–61, 65, 72–73, 76–77, 84–86, 90–91

diffusion 8:343, 346, 355, 357, 362–363, 380

hemoglobin 3:39

pseudo-single pattern 19:17

rod 2:47

Doubly labelled water 13:238–240

Dracaena 15:343; 16:118, 123, 142, 249; 20:174, 176, 178–182, 184, 301

chondrocranium 11:71

dentition 1:121–122, 163–164, 166

eye 2:82

guianensis 20:308

Draco 7:51, 178, 276, 360, 441, 487–488; 8:678; 9:330; 12:44, 107–108; 15:338, 340; 16:29, 49–51, 137, 512; 18:441; 20:92, 97–98, 100–103; 21:51, 76, 184, 209, 396

adrenal 3:280

axial skeleton 1:241, 248, 258, 260, 262, 267

chondrocranium 11:91

dussumieri 19:407, 417; 20:294

ear 2:271

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:94, 101, 104

eye 2:27, 41

internal relief of gut 6:177, 187, 220

jaw muscles 4:477

lymphatics 6:358, 453

muscle tissue 11:282–283, 293, 335–336

nose 2:119

origin and evolution 1:5

spilopterus 20:100, 305

urinogenital system 6:63

volans 19:22, 79; 20:294

Dravidogecko, eye 2:26

Drepanoides 16:231; 19:226

anomalus 19:164, 204; 20:653

Drepanosaurus 21:134

Drierite 5:75, 80, 103

Drift fences (see Capture methods)

“Drifting” of bone 1:48, 53

Drinking 5:381–382, 385, 387–389, 391, 395, 397, 400, 402; 12:325, 347, 349, 351, 355–362, 385, 486; 20:428

Driophilax olfersii 20:655

Dromaeosaurus 9:89, 92–93

Dromiceiominus 9:89–92, 137

Dromicodryas 19:225; 21:577, 605

bernieri 19:204

quadrilineatus 19:204

Dromicus 7:217; 8:40

angulifer 20:652

antillensis 20:652

chamissonis 8:40

cursor 20:653

ear 2:272

eye 2:62

Dromophis 16:233; 19:226

dentition 1:180–181

lineatus 19:153, 204; 20:632, 645

pracornatus 19:153, 204

Drosophila 18:253

meiotic restitution 15:479

Drosopterin 18:343

Drought 12:346–349, 353, 385, 469; 13:57, 137, 211, 295, 303

Drowsiness 8:449

Drugs 5:43, 53, 100; 11:289, 338

Dry food 8:43

Dryadophis 19:230

bifossatus 19:204; 20:638

boddaerti 19:204; 20:638

dorsalis 19:204

ear 2:272

melanolomus 19:204

pleei 19:204

pulchriceps 19:153, 204

Drymarchon 5:44, 133, 148–149, 169–170; 7:389, 393, 500, 614, 617, 624; 8:593, 663, 692; 12:416; 14:555; 16:19, 145; 18:476; 19:146, 230; 21:600

blood chemistry 3:46

corais 18:153; 19:127, 146, 159, 166, 204, 516, 525

corais 20:638

corais couperi 18:476

ear 2:272

eye 2:62

nose 2:121

pancreas 3:330, 333–335, 341–342

urinogenital system 6:94

Drymobius 16:145; 19:141, 230

chloroticus 19:204

ear 2:272

margaritiferus 19:204; 20:638

melanotropis 19:204

rhombifer 19:204

Drymoluber 7:227; 16:231; 19:230

brazili 19:142, 204

dichrous 19:204

Dryocalamus 7:500; 16:232; 19:230; 20:556

davisonii 19:153, 204; 20:638

nympha 19:142, 153, 204; 20:638

subannulatus 19:204

tristrigatus 19:204

Dryophiops 19:146, 230

philippina 19:204

rubescens 19:204

Dryophis 20:644

parathyroid 3:248

mycterizans 20:634

prasina 20:634

Dryophylax

burmeisteri 20:655

urinogenital system 6:97

Drysdalia 8:19; 12:131–132; 15:654; 19:222

coronata 8:19; 19:197

coronoides 8:19; 19:152, 197; 20:626

masteri 8:19; 19:197

rhodogaster 19:197

Dual threshold

control system 12:218

model 12:219, 222

Duberria 7:500; 8:663; 15:650–651; 16:119, 145; 19:204, 225; 20:556, 561

dentition 1:177

ear 2:272

lutrix 18:460; 19:204; 20:632

variegatum 19:204

Ducks 5:322, 419, 439

Duct(us)(i) 5:474, 491

arteriosus 5:277; 19:134

bile 19:487–491, 504–507, 522–523

cells 5:473

choanalis (see Nasopharyngeal duct)

Cuvieri 14:438; 19:39

deferens (see also Vas deferens) 14:339–340, 442; 18:155

epididymidis 6:65–68

hepatic 19:505

intrapulmonary 19:9, 68

Müllerian 19:40

nasolacrimalis (see Lachrymal duct)

nasopharyngeus (see also Nasopharyngeal

duct) 19:115

occulsion 8:130

of external nasal gland 2:108, 111,117, 124–127, 129, 145–146, 152, 176–180

of Jacobson’s organ 2:116, 118–119, 122–123, 125–126, 134, 138–144, 161, 172; 11:17, 19, 22, 48, 50, 60–61, 72, 89, 96, 103, 110–111, 121, 129, 143, 152–153, 176, 208, 234

of lateral nasal gland 11:17, 49–50, 55, 75, 87–88, 97–98, 110, 176, 210, 235

of medial nasal gland 2:110, 115, 117, 161, 181

of Santorini 19:507

of Wirsung 19:507

olfactorius (see Stammteil)

pancreatic 19:488, 506

pneumaticus (see Siphonium)

respiratorius (see Choanal tube)

venosus 19:560

Ductular proliferation 19:517

Ductulus

efferens (see Vas efferens)

epididymidis (see Epididymal tubule)

Dumerilia 20:307

Duodenal

collectors 6:349, 414, 427

lymphacic trunk 6:446

Duodenum 3:320–325; 6:166–173, 183–184, 186, 192, 203–208, 214–217, 219–220, 255, 275, 277, 279, 281–283, 412–413, 416, 421, 427; 14:439–440; 18:487, 504, 506–507, 557

Duplex retina 2:54, 84, 86, 90–92

Duplicity theory 2:1

Dura 9:18–20, 22–23, 47, 369

mater 5:94; 6:401; 11:24, 32, 163, 187–188, 190

Durophagy(ous) 1:165; 4:269, 496; 20:492

Duty factor 21:43, 46–47, 52

Duvernoy’s gland 1:182; 8:3–4, 44, 47, 49–50, 67, 71, 73, 83–94, 96, 120, 141–142, 146, 148–149, 151

Dwarf

cone 2:65–66, 85, 87

pigs 14:567

Dyad(s) 11:274, 316; 17:36–37, 40

Dye

dilution 5:275, 281

indicator 5:285

injections 5:291

patterns 5:84

Dynamic index 11:329–333; 17:477

mechanical model 19:42

sensitivity 2:294

suspension (of lung) 19:38–49

Dynastor 16:172–173

Dynorphin 17:600, 627, 634–635, 637, 646–647, 689

Dyrosauridae, skull 4:266

Dyrosaurus, skull 4:268

Dyspnea 8:439, 441, 449

Dyticonastis 21:685, 687

rensbergeri 21:626, 634, 686
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