Biology of the Reptilia: Index I

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IXa 21:493–494

IXb 21:494

IXc 21:493–494

I band 3:124; 11:269, 273, 293

I-radioiodinated human serum albumin 5:70

Ialtris 19:226

agyrtes 20:654

dorsalis 19:207; 20:654

parishi 19:207; 20:654

Iberolacerta monticola 21:49

Icarosaurus 20:249–250

origin and evolution 1:5

siefkeri 20:290

Ichneumoniformis 16:155

Ichnotropis 7:83, 491; 12:109; 16:117, 140

axial skeleton 1:258

blood cell numbers 3:103

dentition 1:167

Ichthyophagy (see Fish-eating)

Ichythyophis 17:213

Ichthyopterygia 9:67, 297

dentition 1:190

origin and evolution 1:3

Ichthyosauria 7:6–7; 9:67

dentition 1:121, 133, 190

eye 2:80

nose 2:152

origin and evolution 1:2–3

shell 1:312

skull 4:245

urinogenital system 6:114

Ichthyosaurs 5:437; 13:5; 15:593

Ichthyosaurus 9:297

eye 2:80

Ichthyostega, origin and evolution 1:32

Ichthyostegidae, origin and evolution 1:22

Ichycyphus 7:501

ICSH (see Interstitial cell stimulating hormone)

Ictalurus 8:603

Ictidosauria 9:132, 302

eye 2:80

Ictidostoma 9:299

Ictidosuchoides 9:299

Ictidosuchops 9:299

Ictiscincus muelleri 21:399

pratti 21:399

Identification 5:3

IgT 8:355

Iguana 5:7, 52, 71–72, 131, 141–143, 162, 178–184, 186, 188, 199, 239, 247, 254, 260–261, 263–264, 282–283, 286, 298, 302, 311, 315–316, 337, 342, 347, 350, 353, 355–356, 359–360, 367, 373, 375, 377, 379, 386, 403, 420, 423; 7:99, 112, 114, 138, 140, 198, 270, 274, 303, 310, 478, 596–597, 605, 634, 637, 644–645, 659–660; 8:69, 607, 613, 631, 661, 683; 9:43–44, 76–77, 157, 251, 295, 330, 373, 379–382, 425, 427–428; 10:62, 82, 84, 96, 122, 168, 173–176, 187, 203, 223, 229, 233, 325; 12:101, 176–177, 180, 233, 246, 289, 296, 298, 330, 337, 376, 417, 419, 464, 473, 488, 491; 13:15, 24, 34, 157–158, 161, 164–165, 170–173, 182, 185, 187, 275–276, 290, 297, 299, 308–309, 311; 14:28, 359, 561, 566, 568, 617, 629, 664, 665; 15:26, 48–49, 80, 330, 342; 16:11, 18, 29–30, 50, 52, 60, 116, 123, 125, 130, 134, 139, 209, 251, 256, 260, 283, 301, 350, 545, 582; 17:12, 71, 99, 184–185, 188, 191, 193, 204, 273, 296, 298, 323–324, 500, 524; 18:433, 436; 19:4–5, 340, 554; 20:13–14, 16, 18–21, 23, 26–27, 29–32, 35, 52–54, 58–59, 67, 79–84, 86–87, 89, 127, 253, 279, 292, 305; 21:72–73, 87, 91, 98, 111, 113, 115, 117, 122–123, 126, 128–129, 131, 142, 144–145, 149, 153, 157, 159–161, 166–167, 170, 175, 179, 185–186, 189, 207, 217–218, 224–225, 228–231, 233–236, 238, 240, 245–247, 250–253, 255–256, 258, 260, 262, 265–266, 268, 270–272, 274–276, 279–280, 284–290, 293–294, 296–303, 306–308, 311, 313–314, 316, 319, 328, 337–338, 340, 342, 344, 346– 348, 350–358, 360–361, 366, 368–371, 374, 378–379, 381–386, 388–394, 503, 505

axial muscles 11:357

axial skeleton 1:248, 250, 256, 269

blood cell morphology 3:76

blood chemistry 3:5, 9, 17, 19, 27, 30, 33–34, 40–41, 45

bone 1:63, 68

chondrocranium 11:86

delicatissima 20:292

dentition 1:133–139, 141–146, 151, 154–156, 167, 187

ear 2:194, 265, 271

eye 2:20, 26, 64

histology of gut 6:278

iguana 18:20, 46–47, 168–169, 174, 181, 329, 442, 444, 458, 474; 19:6, 22, 48, 59–60, 62, 79, 337–339, 355, 442, 459–460, 469, 475, 518, 547, 552–553; 20:292, 305; 21:5, 7, 56, 61, 101, 114–115, 118–119, 138, 151, 158, 167, 174, 190, 192, 205, 207, 219, 221, 226, 237, 239, 263, 414–315, 336, 339, 341, 343, 345, 367, 371, 373, 377, 396

internal relief of gut 6:177–179, 182–184, 188–189

jaw muscles 4:319–325, 354, 413, 477

lymphatics 6:359, 361, 372, 385–396, 426, 436, 446

muscle tissue 11:275–276, 278, 282, 336

nose 2:119, 121–122, 128, 133–134, 178–179

parathyroid 3:255

thymus 3:113

tuberculata 20:292

urinogenital system 6:27, 32

Iguanamorpha 21:249

Iguania 8:70, 144, 146, 151; 9:338; 19:21–24; 20:12, 15, 17, 45, 50–52, 54, 56–57, 59, 62, 75–76, 78, 123–125, 148, 154, 214, 252–255, 257, 260–262, 264–274, 277, 281, 286–287; 21:9, 12, 17, 95, 271, 599

adrenal 3:283–284

axial skeleton 1:241–243, 246, 259–260, 262, 301

blood cell morphology 3:78–80

chondrocranium 11:86–102, 120, 196

dentition 1:153–161

eye 2:87

histology of gut 6:232

internal relief of gut 6:177

pituitary 3:136, 149, 153, 155, 157, 194

thyroid 3:205

Iguanian 21:52, 66–67, 80, 87, 92, 144, 153, 190, 192, 218, 220, 230, 250, 289, 334, 581

lizards (see Agamidae; Chamaeleonidae;

Iguanidae)

Iguanid replacement 20:18

Iguanidae 5:143, 145, 169, 172, 192, 252, 298, 399, 402, 420, 423, 425, 468; 7:9, 21, 50–51, 164–166, 178–179, 262, 269–276, 298–299, 307–308, 320, 361–363, 367–368, 370, 377–378, 416–417, 446–447, 471–485; 8:46, 52, 56, 624, 634, 661, 682–684; 9:161, 163, 235, 251, 330, 338–339; 10:62, 221–222, 241; 12:99–106, 379, 406, 456, 498; 13:156, 166, 289, 297; 14:28, 48, 88, 543, 641, 648– 649, 658, 662–663, 665, 712; 15:6, 41, 48, 84, 306, 329–330, 333–334, 338, 342–343, 346, 348, 374, 428, 532, 617, 631–635, 664, 667–669, 671, 674; 16:28–31, 59, 116–117, 123, 130, 134, 139–140, 209–210, 256–257, 282–283, 296, 299, 306, 309, 315, 355, 368, 450, 454–455, 465, 473, 486, 492, 513–516, 535, 543; 19:11, 21, 25–26, 38, 41, 66–67, 69–70, 517, 522–523; 20:6, 40, 43, 46–47, 76–80, 82–83, 85–87, 90, 92, 94, 96, 100–103, 126, 199, 252, 256, 258, 260, 272–273, 275, 304; 21:12–13, 106, 220, 231, 235, 396; 21:67, 88, 139, 143, 338

adrenal 3:280

axial muscles 11:357, 384

axial skeleton 1:204, 241–242, 247, 250, 252–253, 255–257, 259–263, 265, 267, 269–270, 301

blood cell morphology 3:76

blood chemistry 3:3, 19, 28, 31, 33, 51

bone 1:65

chondrocranium 11:61, 71, 86–92, 94–95, 108, 121, 196

dentition 1:121, 153–156, 163

ear 2:194, 202, 223, 237–238, 240–241, 249, 262, 265–266, 270–271

eye 2:6, 14, 20, 25–26, 30–31, 89

histology of gut 6:229, 298

internal relief of gut 6:177, 220

jaw muscles 4:289, 316, 319–325, 340, 368, 413, 415, 418–419, 477

lymphatics 6:316

nose 2:119, 128–131, 133–135, 139–140, 142–143, 178, 183–184

parathyroid 3:255

pit organs 2:277

pituitary 3:136, 141, 143, 145–147, 151, 154, 169–170, 194–195

thyroid 3:204

urinogenital system 6:73, 84, 95

Iguaninae(ine) 20:58, 79–81, 84, 86–90, 265, 267, 269–270, 304

eye 2:31

Iguanodon 9:61, 65, 67, 101, 136, 138

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:109

Iguanodontidae 19:74

dentition 1:188–189

Iguanognathus 19:101

werneri 20:640

Iguanomorpha 21:18, 91, 112–113, 222, 224, 250–251, 255, 259–260, 265–266, 271–272, 279, 288, 301, 350, 375

Ileocolic

junction 6:273–274, 419–420, 424, 458

valve 6:189, 192

Ileopectineum 21:140

Ileum 6:169; 10:24, 26; 14:156

Ilia 21:136

Iliac

blade 4:52; 11:356, 359

cartilage 14:447

crest 4:66, 71, 75, 78

plexus 6:342, 347–348

spine 21:142

trunk 6:318

Iliocarapacial junction 1:225

Iliocaudalis muscle 6:452

Iliocostalis nerve 11:407

Ilioextensor muscle 6:393

Iliofemoralis 21:323

muscle 6:452

Iliofibularis 21:203, 206, 323, 335

Ilioischiadic ligament 21:34, 140–143, 326, 350–357, 362

Iliopubic ligament 21:142–144, 148, 346

Iliotibialis 21:323

Ilium 1:208, 222, 224–225, 232–233, 265–266; 4:5, 52–54, 61, 65–67, 71–74, 95; 6:332, 393, 448, 452–453; 21:34, 137–138, 140, 142–144, 146–147, 330, 337–338, 340, 347, 356–357

rudiment 15:119

Illumination 5:34–35

Ilysiidae (see Aniliidae)

Imantodes 7:501; 13:308; 15:647; 16:204, 231; 19:207, 229

cenchoa 19:207

ear 2:272

gemmistratus 19:207

inornatus 19:207

lentiferus 19:207

tenuissimus 19:207

Imidazole 19:305–306, 321, 343–345

alphastat hypothesis 5:357

groups 5:11, 240–241, 358, 360

solution 5:359

Imidazolium (see Acid-base balance)

Immersion receptors 5:322

Immobility 5:44–46

(defensive) 8:4

Immobilization 5:42, 50, 52–53

of prey 8:6, 146, 148

Immune

competence 14:614, 638

reaction 3:29, 34–35, 52, 111, 129

response 14:602, 627–628, 637–640, 647–660

system(s) 13:95

development 14:635–638

diseases of 14:664–666

Immunity 19:511, 535, 544, 550, 554, 556–567, 575, 578

cellular 14:639–644

humoral 14:639, 644–662

natural 8:376–379

passive 14:638

viral 14:664

Immunization 8:341–342

Immunized animals 5:30

Immunoassay 3:122

Immunochemical techniques 8:365

Immunodiffusion 8:342–351, 362

Immunoelectrophoresis (see also Electrophoresis) 3:27, 35; 8:351–356, 361, 363

Immunofluoresence 3:122, 332

Immunoglobin 8:374

Immunoglobulin(s) 3:35; 14:602, 638, 643, 650, 652, 654–661

surface receptors 14:657

Immunological

comparisons 20:430

identity 8:343–344, 352

memory 14:641, 647, 651, 653, 662–663

properties 8:356, 362–363

Immunology 14:5, 158

Impedance 5:86, 95

pneumographs 5:85, 95, 236

Import 5:20–21

Imprinting 14:208, 210

In vitro

culture

embryonic testes 15:245–246

of embryos or blastocytes 15:25–26, 48, 247, 249, 286, 531, 561, 571

measurements 13:68, 70, 217

Müllerian duct 15:245

Inactivity (see Activity)

Inbred strains 15:432

Incisiform teeth 1:150, 189

Incisions 5:98–99, 105

Incisive

fontanelle 20:132, 134

foramen 11:208; 20:122

process 20:17, 67, 84, 91, 104, 142, 149, 153, 161, 166, 168, 178, 189, 195, 200, 212, 220, 225, 230, 237, 243

tubercle 20:120, 132

Incisor 1:118, 121, 124, 151, 159–160

Incisura

otica 4:205, 211, 214, 217, 219, 221, 257

piriformis 20:15

prootica 20:31, 126, 128, 135, 137, 156, 183, 206, 216, 223; 21:519

Inclusion bodies 19:28

Incoagulability 8:490, 494–495

Incomplete neochoanate condition 11:61

“Incomplete” variants 1:316

Increase of numbers of vertebrae 1:204

Increment threshold 17:161

Incubation (see also Embryos; Nests; Parental

care, shivering thermogenesis; Temperature

regulation, endogenous heat

production) 5:190, 494–495

and climate 14:180–181

and egg size 14:138, 179, 181

and latitude 14:202–207

and temperature 14:14, 32, 94, 101–107, 115, 177–179, 187, 189, 194, 208, 272–273, 279, 282, 353, 392, 394–395, 416, 498

chamber 6:87–88

devices 14:222–223

duration of 15:25, 49, 610, 654, 662

humidity 14:359–360, 362, 394–395

period 14:10, 77, 177–207, 282, 344, 353, 498

substrates 14:222

temperature 15:25, 27, 49

agonistic behavior 18:16

effects on adult sexuality 18:15–16

effects on endocrine physiology 18:15–16

sexual receptivity 18:16

Indeterminate growth 1:103; 13:276, 278

Index of encephalization 9:150, 157–158, 160, 163

India 2:323

ink 6:317

Indicating desiccant 5:80

Indicating fluid 5:76

Indicator dilution technique 19:447

Individual recognition 18:169–170, 173, 205

Individual variation 16:19–22, 41; 20:38, 43

“Indochina” 2:323

Indolamine 17:158

Indole 6:279

-3-propionate 3:31

Indoleamine (see also 5-Hydroxydopa; 5-Hydroxytryptamine;

Serotonin) 9:372; 10:247–248

Indonesia 2:323

Indophis sahnii 20:596

Indotestudo

elongata 18:315

forstenii 18:315

Indoxylacetate 6:247, 250, 268, 284, 297; 8:189

esterase 6:295 5-hydroxy indolacetic acid 8:193

Inductive

activity

apical ridge 15:93

interactions 14:18

Inertial homeothermy 12:189–190

reduction of prey 8:2

Infection (see also Pathology) 12:228; 19:517–522

Infectious diseases 5:21, 26–27, 98

Inferior

alar process 21:580

alveolar canal 20:207, 274

cisternal crest 2:202, 218, 242, 249

collector of the thigh (see Ventral collector of

posterior limb)

colliculus 10:174, 188

dental branch of mandibular nerve 11:156

fornix 2:9–11

labial gland 11:143

nasal artery 2:12

oblique muscle 2:7–8, 11–12, 49–50, 67, 73–74

olive 10:188, 192

orbital artery 2:10–12

orbital fenestra 2:9

orbital foramen 2:11

orbital plexus 2:11

palpebral vein 2:13, 50

process of extracolumella (see Pars inferior

of extracolumella)

rectus muscle 2:7–8, 11, 49–50, 67, 74–75

temporal arcade 4:205, 211, 214, 217, 219, 221, 234, 246, 255, 293–295, 314, 317, 414, 420

temporal arch 11:125, 155, 243

thyroid artery 3:203

tibiofibular ligament 21:385

turbinal (see Preconcha)

Inflammatory cells 3:328

Inflation

of lung 19:108

of neck 19:128, 136, 156

of trunk 19:128, 137

Infraglenoid buttress 21:103

Infralabial

gland(s) 4:436, 457; 8:49–50, 55–56, 66–67, 70–73, 77, 81–82, 113, 121, 146, 149, 151

(salivary) gland 21:609, 614

scale 2:289, 292, 302–304, 314

Inframarginal

gland 18:195

shield 1:314–315, 317, 328, 333–335

Infraorbital

artery 2:50

foramen 2:12; 20:24, 88

nerve 2:294

Infrapolar process 4:250–251; 11:229–230, 233, 236–237,241–243, 245

Infrared 5:7; 16:163

analyzers 5:79–80, 103, 372

lamp 5:24

light 12:225

radiation 2:278, 280, 285, 287–289, 292, 296, 307, 309

receptor(s) 5:6–7; 10:169, 292

Infrastapedial (see Columella, pars interhyalis;

Interhyal)

Infratemporal fenestra 4:204, 209–210, 213, 215–216, 218, 220, 222, 233–234, 238, 248, 254, 267, 277, 296

Infrazonal group 21:210

Infundibular

artery 3:163–165

ostium (see Ostium abdominale)

recess 3:138, 140–142, 157, 159, 161, 166, 169, 174, 176, 179, 181, 183–184, 188, 190–191, 193; 10:259, 263, 265

Infundibulum 3:140, 159–160, 164, 196; 6:89–90, 92, 95, 437–438, 441; 11:21, 240; 14:434, 714

Ingestion (see also Eating; Feeding) 19:155; 20:386

mechanisms 8:4

Inguinal

-fold lymphatic plexus 6:357

gland 18:191, 195

lymphatic vessel 6:359, 450

musk 18:198–199

plexus 6:318–319, 342, 391, 393–394

pocket 4:9

pore 18:166

shield 1:314–315, 317, 335

sinus 6:336

Inguino-axillary vessel (see Lateral trunk)

Inhalation 5:24, 242–243

agents 5:48

anesthetics 5:48

Inhibition 8:7, 124, 362

Inhibitory

amino acid 17:156

pheromone 18:158

surround 17:157

Initial collecting duct (see Terminal segment of

uriniferous tubule)

Injection media 6:317, 356

Injections 5:38, 44–46

Injury(ies) (see also Pathology; Caudal autotomy) 16:11–12, 32, 37, 47, 55, 67, 156, 208, 227, 239–243, 272, 345–347, 349, 351–352, 382, 418; 19:511, 515, 517

to shell 1:323, 337

Innate avoidance 8:5

Inner

choana (see also Choana) 2:137

circumferential zone 1:54

connective layer 2:283

dental epithelium 1:146

ear 9:108, 114, 121, 124, 127, 135; 11:6, 25–26, 55, 112, 144–145, 222; 20:11, 28, 71

ear potentials 5:104

enamel epithelium 1:146

limiting membrane 2:16, 34, 39–40

molecular layer 2:16

nuclear layer 2:16, 33, 38–42, 48, 54–56, 61–63, 66, 72, 76–77, 84–85, 91

plexiform layer 2:4, 33, 38–39, 72

rictal plate 4:136, 293, 295–296, 301, 311, 363–364, 386, 397, 408, 414, 431, 442, 451, 455, 461

segment 17:4, 12–27

segment of visual cells 2:42, 45–46, 65, 73, 77

sheathing fold 21:546

Innere Riechgrube (see Olfactory region)

Riechmuschel (see Concha)

Innerer Nasenfortsatz (see Medial nasal process)

Innervation 11:277, 285–286; 19:24, 154; 21:28, 198–200, 206, 213

of limbs 15:81–84

of the blood vessels 5:308–309, 423

of the heart 5:307, 310

Innominate

artery 3:203, 243, 245

vein 6:326, 380

Inorganic ions 5:465, 494, 496

Inositol

pentaphosphate 5:251

phosphates 19:495

Inotropic 12:238, 240, 243, 246

effect(s) 5:307–308; 10:15, 17–18

Inotropy 19:402

Inscriptional ribs 21:64

Insect(s) 5:172; 8:618; 12:5, 357, 363

attack on nests 14:200, 210

nurse cells 14:60

Insecta

eye 2:58

pit organs 2:279

Insectivora 19:575–577

Insectivore 9:160, 166–167; 10:300, 332

Insectivores 8:616, 632–633, 657–658

Insectivorous lizards 5:398–399, 401

Insertion plate of extracolumella 11:15, 28, 31, 33–34, 54–55, 57, 76, 79, 83, 99, 118, 149, 196, 215, 226, 233, 237, 239, 241, 243

Inspiration 5:229, 232, 234–236, 238, 245, 303, 375

Inspired air 5:371, 375–376, 380, 387

oxygen concentration 5:246

Instantaneous rate of increase 7:43, 193

Instrumental

conditioning 7:558, 560, 614, 625

definition 7:558–559

Sauria 7:623–624

Serpentes 7:624–625

Testudines 7:616–623

Insular gigantism 16:399

Insulin 3:21–22, 25, 53, 122, 329, 331, 333, 335; 8:321, 518; 10:42; 13:94; 17:683; 19:512

Integrator 5:85

Integument (see also Skin) 5:80, 360, 371, 381, 388–389, 395; 10:37, 39, 42; 18:127, 132, 137–138, 144, 166, 170, 177, 184; 19:94

coloration 14:587

development 14:450, 530–537

evolution 14:525–526

functions 14:530, 571

gland 18:199

glands of 14:450, 558

photoreceptor 18:318, 320

products 18:127, 129, 139–140, 142, 149, 184, 204

variability 14:16

wounding 14:558–571

Integumental (see Cutaneous)

Integumentary

appendages 14:526

barrier 5:3, 10

permeability 5:102

Intensity discrimination 10:314

Interatrial fissure 19:413

Inter-carotid anastomosis 3:165

Intercalary(e) 11:15, 33–35, 67, 80, 109, 112, 118, 124, 140, 146, 148–149, 151, 166, 173–174, 178, 192, 196, 199, 204, 239; 20:407, 443, 459, 464, 474, 480, 487; 21: 476, 484

cartilage 20:21–22, 34, 51, 69, 170, 203, 239, 285

elements 20:422, 427

Intercardiac

route 5:47

shunting 5:241

Intercaudal shield 1:333

Intercellular space 6:47–48, 232, 268, 270

Intercentrum(a) 1:12, 19, 22–23, 27, 33, 201–202, 204–205, 207–208, 210–212, 217, 226–228, 234–238, 244–246, 255–259, 267, 273, 275, 284, 288–290, 299–301; 11:36–38; 14:495

ligamentous (see Ligamentous intercentrum)

Interchoanal septum of vomer 20:558

Interclavicle 1:19, 23, 311, 327; 4:12; 14:151, 158; 2:12–13, 15–16, 19, 30, 59–60, 62–63, 66, 74, 85–91, 93–95, 99, 135, 219–221, 223, 229–230, 233–234, 253, 255, 268–269

Intercondylar groove 21:102, 149–150, 154, 159, 289

Intercostal

artery 6:396, 398; 11:409

collectors 6:367, 379, 386, 397–398

lymphatics 6:318–319, 336, 338, 345, 347, 355, 358–359, 367, 380, 396–402

nerve 6:396; 11:361

segment of rib 1:229–231, 235, 253

sinus 6:361, 365, 398–400

space 11:359, 378–379, 393–394

vein 6:30

Interdental septum 1:315, 333

Interdigital

membrane 6:388

necrotic zones 21:26

Interfenestral crest 20:34, 89, 91, 102, 104

Interference 18:305

competition 7:38–58

benefits and costs 7:40–42

food related 7:47–48, 53

interspecific 7:52

intraspecific 7:50–52, 57

mate related 7:48–49, 53

models of 7:42–49

predator avoidance 7:49

related to population regulation 7:57–58

thermoregulation 7:49

Interferon 14:664

Interfrontal 11:175

Intergular shield 1:315, 333

Interhyal 4:156; 11:33–34, 47, 80, 82, 115, 117–119, 124, 193, 207, 215, 226, 233, 239, 243, 246

Interlimb coordination 21:61

Interlobular

artery (see Renal artery)

tubules 8:82

Interleukin 19:508

Intermandibular

cartilage 11:181, 184; 20:394, 444

foramen 4:138

ligament 11:162; 21:593–594, 57–598

“ligament” or nodule 21:596

nodule 21:594, 598

septum 20:232

soft tissues 20:430, 444, 586–587, 591

symphysis 19:119

Intermandibularis 20:413; 21:595–597

anterior 21:594, 596

anterior pars posterior 21:596

posterior 21:596

Intermaxillaris 21:595–597

Intermediate

cell mass 6:3–5, 8, 13–15, 17, 20

cells of granulosa 14:56–61

collector of anterior limb 6:389

filaments 6:115

lobe of pituitary 3:137, 141–147, 159–161, 163–176, 178–179, 181, 183–184, 187–194, 196

region 2:105–112, 114–115, 155–156, 159–161

segment of rib 1:208

segment of uriniferous tubule 6:22–23, 32–38, 41, 46–47

zone 10:69, 72, 74

Intermediolateral area 10:174, 191

cell column 10:93

Intermedium 1:30; 4:17–20, 41, 47; 15:77, 79–80; 21:10, 13, 16, 25, 116, 118–126, 162–166

Intermetacarpal spaces 21:131

Intermittent breathing (ventilation) 19:50, 346, 426, 455, 458, 462, 466, 474

Intermuscular tendon (see Mandibular adductor

tendon)

Internal

auditory meatus 4:224, 227, 257; 9:13

carotoid artery 2:12, 40, 50, 75, 197; 3:113, 164–165, 245, 249; 4:226; 11:11–12, 15, 23–25, 28, 32, 35, 69, 79–80, 84, 98–99, 106, 110, 112, 127, 137, 140, 144, 146, 154, 158, 160, 163, 166, 168, 170, 187, 211–212, 214, 217, 219, 223–224, 236–237; 20:30, 271; 21:535

carotid canals 20:30

carotid foramina 20:276

ear 2:193–194, 198, 201–221, 223–224, 234–263; 4:227, 244; 8:121

environment 5:9

femerofibular ligament 21:153

femero-tibial muscle 6:394

fertilization 1:37; 5:12

glossopharyngeal foramen 11:69, 112, 197, 213, 218

heat transfer 12:296–300, 307

jugular trunk (see Deep jugular trunk)

jugular vein 2:13; 11:15, 27–28, 31–32, 84, 121, 145, 170; 20:34

mammary lymphatic vessels 6:326, 378

mammary vein 6:323

mental foramen 21:605

nares 19:115, 117

naris (see Choana)

nostril (see Choana)

paravertebral vessel 6:400–403

periosteum 2:215, 247, 252, 256–257, 260

process of columellar apparatus 11:15, 28, 33–35, 46–47, 54–55, 57–58, 67, 71, 80, 83, 91, 93–94, 107, 113, 149, 196, 198, 215, 226, 238, 241

process of extrastapes (see Quadrate process

of extrastapes)

suspension of respiratory surfaces 19:41–46

tendon of M. adductor mandibulae 4:107– 108, 112, 114, 126

tendon of M. levator bulbi dorsalis 4:291–292, 311

thoracic artery 6:340, 343, 359

thoracic trunk 6:319, 325, 379–381, 397

thoracic vein 6:358, 367

trochanter 4:55; 21:149, 152

Internarial

process of nasal 4:230, 274

process of premaxilla 4:229, 274

septum 4:212–213, 218, 229–230, 272, 274

Internasal

gland 2:182

septum 4:229, 251; 20:23, 124, 134, 145, 170, 180, 204, 214, 221, 225, 238, 245, 248; 21:574

Internasaldrüse (see Internasal gland)

International Society of Toxinology 8:1

Interneuron 10:77, 85

Internus position (see M. adductor mandibulae

internus)

Interolfactory pillars of frontal(s) (see also

Lateral frontal flange) 20:395, 402, 420, 426, 447, 461, 466, 470, 484, 524, 532, 589; 21:572, 574, 578

Interorbital

bar 4:212

braincase 20:360, 490

ridge 4:246

septal cartilage 21:539

septum 2:6–7, 9–10, 13, 48, 63, 66–67, 73–74, 81; 4:138, 229, 250–251, 254–255, 286, 306; 9:2–3, 5–7, 10, 29; 11:3, 11–12, 15, 17–18, 20–24, 32, 39, 42–46, 50, 52–55, 62, 66–68, 76, 78, 82–85, 90, 93–94, 97–98, 104–106, 109–112, 115–117, 119, 121, 124, 128, 130, 144, 154, 164, 192, 195, 197, 199–201, 206, 209–210, 212, 217, 219–224, 226–227, 229–231, 233–234, 237, 240–243; 14:126; 20:10, 25, 236, 361–362, 364; 21:574

space 4:232; 9:10

Interolfactory pillar of the frontal 21:572, 574, 578

Interorbital septal cartilage 21:539

Interorbital septum 21:534, 574

Interossei

dorsalis 21:213, 324

plantares 21:324, 386

ventralis 21:213

Interosseus

cruris 21:324

lymphatic vessels 6:390

nerve (see Median nerve)

(radioulnar) ligaments 21:283

space 4:47, 89

Interpalatine process of sphenoid 20:422

Interparietal 20:374

Interphalangeal joints 21:131, 306

Interpopulational variation 16:20–22, 30, 400, 414–420, 441, 453, 474–477, 499

Interpterygoid vacuity 4:223, 265; 11:60, 218; 20:15, 24, 41, 52, 60, 65, 69, 75–76, 81, 92, 106, 112, 117, 123, 152, 160, 165, 167, 173, 175, 180, 185, 188, 191, 196, 198, 210, 214, 218, 225, 228, 231, 233–234, 236, 240, 264, 276, 278, 284, 286

Interramal pad 20:430, 487

Interrenal

cortex 15:171

gland (see Adrenal gland)

insufficiency 5:38

secretion 15:280

tissue 3:264, 266–269, 275, 277, 279, 281–298, 300–301, 306, 309–312, 317–318

aberrant clusters of 3:288

cytology and histochemistry 3:288–298

start of activity 3:267–268, 278

Interscalar pit 2:290, 302, 304

Intersclerotomic fissure 15:311

Intersegmental

collectors 6:386

veins 6:456

Intersexual phenotype 15:265–266, 268, 272–275, 283, 286

Intersexuality 15:266, 270, 278, 282

Interspecific

competition 7:24, 35, 38, 145–147; 15:450

differences 5:126, 494

variation 5:59; 20:13, 37, 47, 167, 171–172, 229

Interstitial

bone 1:57

cell(s) (or tissue) 6:50–51, 56–58, 69–70, 78, 116, 120–121; 15:242, 277

cell stimulating hormone 6:78

fluid (ISF) (see also Extracellular fluid) 5:438–439; 12:326, 333, 336–342

volume 5:66

growth 1:82,97

space 5:59, 433, 439

Intertemporal bone 1:12, 14–15, 27, 30–31, 38–39

Intertidal invertebrates 5:161

Intertrabecula 4:249, 251; 11:43, 206, 220–221, 223, 226, 229–230, 241

Intertrabecular

bar (see Taenia intertrabecularis)

crest 21:528, 537–538, 540

Intertrochanteric fossa 4:55–58, 74, 95; 21:149, 359

Intertubercular fossa 4:14, 16, 33–35

Interturbinal sinus (see Preconchal recess)

Intertympanic canal 14:428

Intervals, cardiac 5:90–92, 294–295, 303

Interventricular

canal 5:278–280, 287; 19:384, 386, 404, 412, 415, 428

foramen 14:437

septem 14:436–437

sulcus 19:395, 407, 410

Intervertebral

cartilage 15:313, 318

disc 1:206, 245

nodules 1:211, 217

pads 15:312

ring 1:206, 236, 246

Interwoven collagen fiber bundles 1:313

Interzone 1:82

Interzygapophysial ridge (see Margo lateralis)

Intestinal

contractions 5:37

collectors 6:319–320, 348–349, 351–353, 417, 419, 421–424, 429, 436, 446

lymphatic sinus 6:419

lymphatic vessels 6:413, 415–424

movement 6:280

mucosa 5:57

sacs 8:636–637, 640, 642

Intestine (see also Gut) 3:88; 5:309; 6:24–25, 28, 88, 159, 163, 165, 177, 179, 219–221, 228, 269–301, 336–338, 340, 342, 353, 436; 8:508, 611, 618–620, 622, 626–654; 13:95; 19:40, 112, 155, 157, 487–488, 506, 514–515, 533, 535, 537, 561, 563–564, 566–568, 571–572, 574–576

endocrine dependence 8:667

development 14:144

Intimus position (see M. constrictor I dorsalis)

Intracaediac shunt 12:237

Intracellular

fluid (ICF) 3:14; 5:438–439; 12:336–342

metabolic activities 5:360

space 3:16; 5:366, 400, 417, 425, 433, 472–473

Intracoelomic recess 19:41

Intracolumnar variation

in central length 1:248–249, 283

in hypapophyseal length 1:291, 293

Intracranial carotid system 2:12

Intracranial joints 20:478, 587, 589

Intraepicoracoid foramen 21:74, 78, 85, 90

Intraepidermal terminal 9:415

Intraerythrocytic pH 5:257

Intrafusal fibers 11:266, 317–326, 332–334

muscle fiber 17:455–461, 464–465, 472, 475, 482–483

capsular region 17:464, 469

equatorial region 17:455

membrane 17:466

polar region 17:469

Intraglandular pressure 8:110

Intraligamentous centers 1:92, 94

Intralobular

artery 6:21

vein 6:21

Intramandibular

hinge 20:196, 224, 226, 232, 239; 21:602–603, 605

joint 11:156, 184; 20:367, 377, 385, 394, 412– 413, 418–419, 481, 521, 550, 583, 587

kinesis 20:521, 587, 589

septum 20:196, 206–209, 235, 274; 21:599, 605

tendon 4:107–108, 114, 132, 138, 141, 146

Intramaxillary hinge 21:587

Intramaxillary joint 20:475, 479–481

Intramuscular

injections 5:38

route 5:47

Intranuclear inclusions 3:298

Intraocular

color filtration 2:34

fluid 2:17

pressure 2:15

Intraoral transport 20:493, 550, 577, 585–588, 590, 592, 663

Intraperitoneal route 5:43

Intrapleuroperitoneal route 5:43

Intrapulmonary

air pressure 19:42, 109

airway 19:2, 405, 9

bronchus 19:6, 9–10, 18, 20–22, 29–35, 37–38, 52, 55, 63, 67–68, 100, 122, 141, 143, 166, 168

chemoreceptors 19:304, 320–322

drainage route 19:543

gas 19:329, 331

pressure 5:96, 232–235, 243; 19:42–43, 63, 65–66

trachea 19:9, 125

vasculature 19:541

Intrapulmonic pressure 5:52, 101

Intrasexual selection 18:53

Intrasnout mobility 20:436, 456, 501

Intraspecific

competition 7:38, 147–149

differences 5:126, 401

differences in O2 capacity 5:253

mimicry (deception) (see Mimicry)

variation 20:13, 37–38, 41, 100, 167, 171–172, 229, 245

Intratectal processing 10:290

Intratendinous centers 1:91–93

Intrauterine development 14:15, 200, 218–219

Intravascular

clots (coagulation) 8:494–496, 524

fibrin formation 8:440

Intraventricular pressure 19:385, 442

Intravenous

injections 5:38

route 5:47

Intravitelline membrane 15:540–548

Intrinsic factors affecting growth rate 13:299–303

genetic 13:302–304

life history 13:281, 301–303

sex 13:299–301

Intrinsic limb musculature 21:242

Intromission (see also Mating) 18:27–28

Intromittent organ (see Phallus)

Intumescence (see Enlargement)

Intumescentia trunci 10:67–68, 100

Inulin 5:69, 98, 473, 482, 489–490, 492, 496; 19:352

Invasin (see Hyaluronidase)

Invertebrate(s) 5:1, 3, 14, 161, 338, 341–344, 391, 396; 8:620; 10:249; 14:17–18; 16:7–9, 17, 155–158, 160, 163–164, 166–174, 183–184, 205–208, 216, 404; 20:396, 579

diet 5:437

Inverted bell spirometers 5:72, 75

Iodide 3:202

pump 3:201

uptake by thyroid 3:201–202, 213–215, 217, 225

Iodination 8:224, 226

Iodine 3:32, 201–202, 212–215, 225

green 3:296

I131 3:214–215, 217, 224

Iodoacetate 5:196; 13:16

Iodoacetic acid 5:320

Iodospin 18:328

Ion

exchange 5:413

chromatography 8:300, 322

resin 3:2, 33

excretion 5:447, 457, 498

regulation 5:436

transport 3:14; 5:98, 414, 424, 439

Ionic

concentration 5:366; 11 :266

balance 5:422

Ionization 5:339, 357–358

Ionizing radiation 19:517

Ions (see also Acid-base balance; Bicarbonate;

Calcium; Chloride; Magnesium; Phosphate;

Potassium; Sodium; Sulfate) 5:11, 55, 174, 400, 413, 429, 458; 13:84–88, 94, 129, 303

Iphisa 20:186, 301; 21:400

elegans 20: 301, 308

IPSP 10:307–308, 323

Iran 2:322–323

Iraq 2:322

Iridomyrmex 5:392

Iridophore 9:408; 18:305–309, 316, 318, 323, 339

Iris 2:4–5, 16, 19–21, 23–25, 41, 51–53, 64–65, 70–71, 75; 10:43–44; 17:215

development 14:173, 292, 294, 296

dilator muscle (see Iris radial muscle)

dilator of 10:44

malformation 14:453

radial muscle 2:6, 23, 51, 65, 70–71, 75

sphincter muscle 2:5–6, 16, 20, 23–24, 51–52, 65, 70–72, 75, 86

sphincter of 10:44

Iron (Fe) 3:32, 39, 47, 295; 8:172–173; 19:489, 499–502, 508–509, 515

-hematoxylin 11:274

in eggshells 14:374

plasma levels 14:341

porphyrin 3:40, 42

transport 3:31–32

Irritability, thyroid and 3:224

Ischemia (Ischaemia) 5:320, 323, 13:19, 25

Ischiadic

cartilage 14:447

plate 21:145

symphysis 4:53, 55, 62, 68, 75, 90; 21:142, 358–359

tuberosity 21:29, 36, 138, 142, 145–146, 353, 355–356

Ischial

sinus (see Ischiatic sinus)

symphysis 21:346

tuberosity 6:336

Ischiatic

foramen 6:395–396

nerve 6:393

plexus 6:337, 344

sinus 6:318, 320–321, 332, 334–338, 340–342, 346, 357–360, 362, 376, 393–396, 402, 404,450

vein 6:404, 447, 453

Ischio-caudalis muscle 6:452

Ischiopubic ligaments 21:142, 349–350, 362

Ischiotrochantericus 21:323

Ischium 1:225; 4:52–55, 68, 70–72, 74–78; 6:393–394; 14:156; 21:136–141, 144–146, 191, 346–347, 352, 354–356, 359

rudiment 15:119–120

rudiment reduction 15:123

Ischnognathus

dekayi 20:648

kirtlandi 20:646

Island reptiles 13:296

Islets of Langerhans (see Pancreatic islets)

Iso-oxygen saturation lines 5:247

Isoagglutins 3:34

Isoamyl alcohol 3:41

Isocitrate dehydrogenase 5:202, 207–208; 6:231, 239, 254, 269, 292–293, 296, 300

Isodendritic neuron 10:181

Isodine 5:98

Isodonty (see Homodonty)

Isodrosopterin 18:343

Isoelectric focussing 8:192

Isoenzymes 13:71

Isolated visual perception 7:611

Isoleucine 3:23, 40

oxytocin 6:117–118

Isometry 11:299–305, 311

Isomolar values 5:60

Isopachys 15:638, 671

Isoponderal index 9:150

Isoprenaline 6:87; 19:453

Isopropanol 5:97

Isopropyl alcohol 5:98

Isoproterenol 8:91; 15:591

Isosmotic

fluids 5:53, 469, 472

process 5:473

urine 5:475, 477

Isospora (see also Pathology) 19:522

Isotonic

concentrations 5:60

myograph 5:75

solutions 5:60, 77

Isotonicity 11:299–300, 302, 304, 306

Isotopes 5:28; 13:238, 246

Isotopic

method 5:374

techniques 5:382

Isotopically tagged materials 5:28

Isotoxin 8:197, 356

Isozyme activity 5:161

Isozymes 3:46, 49; 8:264, 271–273

Isozymic patterns 5:165

Israel 2:322

Isthmus 6:92, 437; 9:184, 236; 10:151, 174, 176, 187, 224, 227, 232, 235, 238, 255, 257–258, 263, 266, 274–275, 278, 280–282; 17:523

of pancreas 3:323

Italy 2:322

Iteroparity (see Life history traits)

Ithycyphus 19:225; 21:605

goudoti 19:207

miniatus 19:207

oursi 19:207

Ito cell (see also Cells, stellate) 19:510

Ivory Coast 2:324

 

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