Biology of the Reptilia: Index N

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N-acetyltransferase (NAT) 17:158; 18:234, 239, 245

Nactus 16:513

NAD (see also Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide) 5:193, 202, 207–208

-cytochrome C reductase 8:513

glycohydrase 8:340

nucleosidase 8:340–341

NADH 5:193; 8:514; 12:246

diaphorase 6:37, 249, 254, 270, 295; 11:280–281

NADP 5:202, 204; 8:341

NADPH 8:341

diaphorase 6:74, 249, 270, 295

Nail, development 14:406, 411, 413

Naja 5:386, 488, 491; 7:385, 394, 504–505, 614; 8:8, 23, 73, 99, 103, 107–108, 110–111, 167–168, 170–171, 173–193, 197–216, 219–221, 223– 224, 226–227, 235–238, 241–244, 246–248, 250, 253, 257, 260, 262–264, 266–270, 272–288, 291–296, 299–310, 316, 319, 321, 324–326, 328, 335, 341–343, 345–347, 349–357, 359–360, 362–364, 366–367, 369–374, 377–380, 441, 443–444, 448, 450, 454, 456–462, 468–469, 471–472, 474, 475–482, 486, 499, 505, 510–520, 522, 525, 528, 562–563, 565, 568, 574–576, 581, 663, 694; 9:158; 13:76, 79, 93–94, 208, 219; 14:554, 666; 15:46, 652–653, 661, 672; 16:6, 12, 18, 23, 38–39, 41, 121, 124, 132, 150, 232–234, 287, 298–300; 17:210; 18:489; 19:123, 197, 221; 20:535, 540, 542, 546, 550, 624; 21:524

adrenal 3:281–292

anchietae 8:23, 250, 262, 296, 301, 316

annulifera (see Naja haje)

atra (see also Naja naja) 19:124, 147, 196

axial muscles 11:357

axial skeleton 1:299

blood cell morphology 3:78, 82

blood cell numbers 3:103

blood chemistry 3:11, 28

bungarus 20:625

chondrocranium 11:162–164, 167, 202

dentition 1:177

ear 2:229, 269, 272

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:106

eye 2:53, 62

haje 8:23, 168, 186, 188, 198, 200–201, 203–204, 206, 208–212, 218–219, 223, 238, 243, 247–248, 250, 296, 301, 305–306, 310, 316, 325–326, 335, 341, 343, 353–354, 356, 360, 366–367, 369–370, 441, 443, 448,457, 499, 663; 19:196; 20:624

histology of gut 6:242, 269

internal relief of gut 6:193, 195–196, 201, 209, 211

jaw muscles 4:421, 424–426, 429, 446, 448, 450–451, 455–456, 465, 469, 483

kaouthia 20:624

katiensis 19:196

melanoleuca 8:23, 73, 108, 111, 183, 188, 191, 198, 200–201, 204, 206, 208–215, 218–219, 223–224, 237, 242, 250, 272, 284–284, 295–296, 301, 305–307, 310, 316, 325–326, 341, 343, 353–354, 356, 359–360, 362, 366–367, 370, 443, 472, 512, 663; 19:142, 152, 162, 196; 20:536, 624

mossambica 8:198, 208–212, 223; 19:142, 197

muscle tissue 11:294

naja 8:23, 99, 142, 167–168, 170–171, 173–189, 191–193, 197–198, 200–204, 206, 208–215, 218–221, 223–227, 235–236, 238, 241, 243–244, 246, 348, 250, 253, 260, 262, 264, 266–272, 285–288, 291–296, 299–300, 302–310, 316, 324–326, 335, 341, 343, 345–347, 349–357, 359–360, 366–367, 369–373, 377–380, 441, 443, 448, 450–452, 454, 456–458, 460–461, 468–472, 474–481, 486, 490, 499, 505–506, 510, 513, 515, 517–520, 522, 525, 528, 563, 565, 568, 574–575, 581, 663; 18:370, 438; 19:125, 144, 146–147, 151, 158, 162, 197, 381, 413, 416, 419; 20:624–625

nigricollis 8:23, 179, 184–186, 188–189, 191, 198, 200–201, 204, 206, 208–212, 218–219, 223, 227, 247–248, 250, 262–264, 267, 272, 295–296, 301, 304, 309, 316, 326, 335, 341, 345, 353–356, 359, 362–363, 367, 369–370, 373–374, 441, 443, 457–458, 461–462, 464, 472, 478, 482, 486, 490–491, 512, 514, 516–518, 663; 19:197; 20:536, 625

nivea 8:23, 168, 179–180, 183–184, 186, 188–190, 197–198, 200–201, 203–204, 206, 213–215, 218–221, 223, 241, 250, 260, 262, 290, 296, 305, 316, 319, 326, 335, 341–342, 345–347, 353–354,359, 365–367, 370, 378, 444, 448, 458, 479, 490, 499, 514, 518, 663; 19:197; 20:518, 625

nose 2:179

oxiana 8:23, 176, 179, 184, 198, 200–202, 204, 206, 208–215, 218, 223, 242, 264; 19:197

pallida 20:625

philippiensis 20:547

samarensis 19:197

sputatrix 19:197; 20:625

thyroid 3:219, 227

tripudians 20:624–625

urinogenital system 6:30, 63, 74, 76–77, 80, 94, 117–119

Najini 19:221

Namib Desert 12:360

Nangura 20:146

spinosa 20:298

Nannoscincus

exos 21:400

gracilis 21:401

greeri 21:399

hanchisteus 21:399

humectus 21:399

maccoyi 21:400

mariei 21:400

rankini 21:400

slevini 21:401

Nanowana

godthelpi 20:596

schrenki 20:596.

Naosaurus 9:298

Naphthol

-AS-acetate 6:284, 293

-AS-D-acetate esterase 6:295

yellow 14:12

α-Naphthyl acetate 8:189

β-Naphthyl acetate 8:359–360

Nares 5:50, 101, 236, 402; 18:132

constrictor muscles 14:407

external 14:135, 294, 403–404, 407, 413; 18:427

internal 14:135, 403; 18:427

Narial

excrescence 11:244

fenestra 20:372, 380, 386

muscles (see Vestibular muscles)

septum (see Internarial septum)

Naris 2:165–167; 21:585

Narudasia 20:120, 296; 21:135, 397

festiva 21:396

Nasal 4:139, 204, 209–210, 212–213, 216, 218, 220, 229–232, 248, 250–251, 254, 256, 269, 272, 274, 374; 11:17, 20, 22, 39, 50, 59–60, 72, 79, 81, 85, 88, 97, 103, 106, 110, 119, 122, 133–134, 143, 151, 153, 161, 165, 176, 179, 184, 200, 218, 231, 235, 240, 244; 20:6, 14–16, 40, 44, 46, 67, 76, 81–82, 84, 94, 103, 106, 115, 118, 128, 130–132, 136, 140, 142, 152–153, 157, 160, 168, 173, 176, 178, 184, 188, 195, 200, 211–212, 217, 220, 225, 228–230, 233, 236–237, 240, 242–244, 247, 252, 258, 275, 278, 284, 355, 357, 362, 368–373, 375, 378–380, 382–383, 386–389, 391, 397–399, 402–407, 409–410, 412, 414–415, 417, 419–422, 424–425, 427–428, 431–434, 436–437, 439, 441, 445, 447–448, 453–456, 458–459, 461–463, 465, 467, 470, 472–473, 475–477, 479, 489–490, 497–502, 505–507, 509, 511, 513, 523–524, 527, 532–533, 536–541, 543, 553, 555, 559–562, 564, 566, 568–569, 571, 584, 589; 21:571, 573–574, 578–579, 581, 584–586

branch of ciliary artery 2:23, 52

branch of hyaloid artery 2:53

capsule 2:13, 103, 117, 133, 148–150, 152, 176–178, 184; 4:249, 251; 9:29, 132; 11:2–4, 7–10, 12, 14–20, 22, 29, 39–40, 42, 45–46, 48–53, 57, 59, 61, 63–65, 70–75, 77, 79, 82–84, 86–92, 94–97, 101–105, 108, 110, 114, 116, 120–122, 126–128, 131–132, 137, 141–144, 151–152, 155, 157–158, 161–167, 169, 171, 175–182, 192–197, 200, 202, 205–212, 222–223, 225, 227–230, 232–234, 240–241, 245; 14:125–126, 133, 135; 20:10, 15, 17–18, 155, 191, 241, 554, 584; 21:547, 560, 562

cavity (see also Nose) 6:226; 9:71; 11:5–6, 14, 16–19, 31, 45–46, 49–50, 59, 61, 75, 86–88, 92, 102, 108, 120, 122, 126, 134, 142, 152, 157, 162, 165, 167, 178, 180–182, 190, 196, 202, 205, 208, 210, 212, 225, 227–228, 232, 234–235, 240, 244; 14:420, 426; 20:372, 381, 386, 512

concha 11:3, 15–17, 45–46, 49–51, 55, 61, 66, 72, 76–77, 79, 83, 86–89, 92, 96, 102–103, 109–110, 120, 126, 139–140, 142–143, 155, 157–158, 160, 163, 165–166, 171, 173, 176–179, 181–182, 184, 191–194, 196, 210, 231–232, 234–235, 241, 245; 20:380, 387, 428, 476

cooling 5:377

cupola 11:15, 17, 45–46, 52, 54, 66, 72, 75–76, 86, 88, 93, 98, 106, 108, 110, 137, 139–143, 151, 157, 160, 163, 166, 170, 173, 176, 180–181, 184, 200, 232, 235; 20:362

dorsal (horizonal, lateral) laminae 20:416, 483, 536, 542, 570

(direction of eye) 2:2

fluid 5:428–429

fusion 20:559

gland (see also External nasal gland; Lateral

nasal gland) 2:50, 99, 174–183; 3:13, 15; 8:50, 67; 20:379, 387, 433, 439, 560, 570

gland of Malpolon 12:423

glands 5:387, 423, 426, 458; 14:421

groove (see Orbitonasal trough)

medial (vertical) lamina 20:381, 415, 454, 535

organs 18:427

passages 4:203, 225, 229, 232, 234236, 256, 258, 274, 277; 5:10, 101, 375, 378, 438; 21:562

pit 2:104, 115, 165–168; 14:129, 134–135, 400–403, 419–421, 459

placode 2:100–101, 165–167; 11:8; 14:133–134, 173, 399–400, 420, 459

process 14:173, 402–404, 413, 420–421, 459

process of premaxilla 20:397, 402, 404, 414, 419–420, 432, 436–437, 448, 452, 454, 466, 476, 479, 490, 523, 536, 552

ramus of opthalmic nerve 2:11, 74

recycling of water 12:384, 446–447

region 20:6, 18, 24, 155, 186, 208, 220, 225

sac (see also Nasal cavity) 2:280; 20:24

salt gland 5:81, 385, 387–388, 394, 398, 401– 402, 404, 406, 416, 419, 423, 425, 427–428, 438, 457, 468

salt secretion 5:429–430

scale 2:297

septum (see also Internarial septum) 2:66, 118, 132, 137, 152, 180, 182; 9:10; 11:11–12, 14–20, 22, 44–46, 48, 50, 52–54, 57, 59, 65–66, 71–75, 78–79, 82, 86, 88–89, 93–94, 96, 102–103, 105–106, 108–110, 114–117, 120–122, 128–129, 132, 137–138, 140–144, 152, 157–158, 160, 162–163, 165–167, 169, 171, 173, 176–182, 184, 194–195, 197, 200, 206, 208–212, 223–224, 227, 229–230, 232, 234–235, 240, 245; 14:125, 133, 421–422, 424, 459; 20:10, 163, 362, 364, 380; 21:574

valve 2:126, 129130, 136, 154

vestibule 11:17, 20, 49–50, 79, 87–88, 90, 92, 108, 120, 122–123, 210, 232, 235, 240

Nasal-frontal joint 20:373, 380, 405, 415, 424, 428, 448, 460, 468, 476, 500, 524, 537, 561

Nasal-frontal ligament 20:402

Nasalmulde (see Orbitonasal trough)

Nasendrüse (see External nasal gland)

Nasenfurche (see Nasal pit)

Nasengaumenspalte (see Choanal groove)

Nasengrube (see Nasal pit)

Nasenhaupthöhle (see Cavum nasi proprium)

Nasenmundrinne (see Nasal pit)

Nasenrachengang (see Nasopharyngeal duct)

Nasenspalte (see Naris)

Nasenvorhof (see Vestibulum)

Nasenvorhöhle (see Vestibulum)

Nasolabial groove 14:290, 292, 294

Nasolachrimal duct (see also Lachrymal duct) 14:420; 20:18, 180, 185, 370

Nasopharyngeal

duct 2:101–102, 105–109, 111–114, 118, 123–125, 131, 136–140, 145–152, 159–160, 163, 170, 172–173; 11:19, 61–62, 70, 72–73, 104, 143, 152, 178, 201, 212, 234–235, 237, 240, 244–245; 14:421, 424, 456; 18:427

groove 11:128

Nasoturbinal 2:103

Nasua 16:5, 52–53, 187–188

Natal beach (see Homing behavior; Pheromone,

homing)

Natador depressa 19:351, 355

Natrial gland 2:176

Natricidae

eye 2:92

internal relief of gut 6:193

jaw muscles 4:441, 446, 481

Natricinae (note changes among Amphiesma,

Natrix, Nerodia, Regina, Rhabdophis,

Tropidonophis, and Xenochrophis) 8:87; 13:2, 6; 19:100, 103, 233–234, 236; 20:535, 551–552, 555, 561, 567, 574, 578, 646; 21:574, 577, 605

axial skeleton 1:286, 290, 297

blood chemistry 3:51

Natricini 19:233, 236

Natriciteres 7:217, 227; 16:120, 147; 19:233

fuliginoides 19:209; 20:647

olivacea 19:153, 164, 168, 209; 20:647

variegata 19:153, 210

Natrix 5:3, 31, 37–38, 45, 50–51, 88, 105, 133–134, 148–149, 160, 164–165, 170, 173, 199–200, 265–266, 321, 347, 369, 373, 377, 379, 386, 388, 393–394, 453, 456, 461–462, 464, 460, 471, 473–474, 476–478, 480–482, 484–485, 488, 492, 494–495, 497; 7:205–207, 227, 383, 393, 399, 501–502, 577, 598–599, 607–608, 614, 644–645, 663; 8:41, 47, 59, 62, 68, 70–71, 87–89, 91–92, 94, 142, 148, 151, 249, 376, 594–595, 598–604, 610, 615–618, 629, 646, 650, 652, 655, 663, 693; 9:16, 151, 153, 158, 173, 181, 187, 189, 196–197, 199, 215–218, 220, 224, 226, 228, 235, 240–241, 252, 275–282, 284, 368–370, 373, 416, 418, 427; 10:25, 43, 166, 204, 230, 314; 12:129, 251, 331, 335, 351, 424, 429; 13:81, 84, 86, 91, 93; 14:4, 11, 30, 514, 531–532, 537, 613–614, 617, 629, 636, 662, 681, 695, 707, 712; 15:3, 8, 22, 26, 45, 122, 151–152, 164–169, 180, 183, 186, 211–212, 223, 225–228, 237, 240, 533, 582, 617–618, 651; 16:21–22, 52, 69, 120, 123, 147, 286, 300, 538; 17:45, 191, 249, 466, 469, 560; 18:470; 19:98, 154, 210, 233, 416; 21:501, 504, 512, 533–534, 577, 579, 586, 598, 601

adrenal 3:265, 269, 281, 296–298, 310–311

axial muscles 11:357, 412

axial skeleton 1:284

blood cell morphology 3:78, 80, 84–85

blood cell numbers 3:97–99, 101–102, 104–107

blood chemistry 3:3, 5, 10, 13–15, 19–20, 29–30, 40–41, 44–46, 49

chondrocranium 11:136–137, 141, 143, 145–146, 152, 154, 157–159, 164, 169, 175, 185–188

dentition 1:149

ear 2:269, 272

eye 2:6, 5052, 58

histology of gut 6:235, 238–239, 249, 252, 254–255, 257–258, 260–261, 266–267, 271–272, 274–275, 278–280, 283, 285–286, 288, 292–295, 301

internal relief of gut 6:193, 209

jaw muscles 4:424–425, 427, 446–447, 449, 465, 481

lymphatics 6:316, 328, 331, 338, 350–351, 356, 361, 363–365, 372–373, 398–401, 404, 415, 420, 423–424, 433, 442, 444, 447, 454–455

maura 19:112, 121, 147, 210; 20:647; 21:561, 571, 580

megalocephala 20:647

muscle tissue 11:272–274, 276–278, 283–285, 287, 294, 300, 309, 314, 317, 320–323, 326–327, 332, 336

natrix 18:164, 470, 487; 19:99–100, 111–113, 115–117, 119, 121, 123, 125, 127, 147, 149, 158, 164, 210, 415–416, 419, 442, 475, 554, 560, 579; 20:647; 21:481, 520, 594

nose 2:121, 124, 126, 130, 135–136, 157, 161–162, 164, 171, 175, 179

parathyroid 3:248250, 252, 254

pituitary 3:142, 161, 165, 184

sipedon (see also Nerodia)

tessellata 8:41, 68, 70–71, 87–89, 91–92, 94, 142–143, 148, 693; 19:210; 20:647

thymus 3:113–114, 117–118, 124

thyroid 3:203, 209, 213, 217, 219, 221, 224, 227

trianguligera 20:647

urinogenital system 6:5, 15, 19, 27, 29–30, 32–33, 37–38, 41–44, 49, 55, 58–59, 63, 65, 74, 76–77, 81–82, 89, 92, 94, 96–100, 102, 116–117

Natural

experiments 18:5

immunity (see Immunity, natural)

product 18:198–199

selection (see also Evolution) 19:334

and limb reduction 15:131

of incubation temperature 15:618

Naultinus 7:467; 15:328, 629, 676; 16:249, 259; 21:95, 148, 397

chondrocranium 11:83

elegans 20:306

eye 2:22, 43, 46, 88

Nauta method 17:176

Naviculare 21:126

Navigation 13:116

Nebengeruchsorgan (see Jacobson’s organ)

Nebenkern (see Attraction sphere)

Nebenthorax (see also Parathorax) 6:454–455

Neck (nuchal) 5:40, 61, 64–65, 93, 100, 235, 372; 19:101, 125–126, 134, 138, 141, 404

-bending posture 18:25, 27, 34, 183

cells 6:244–245, 247–251, 261–263, 265, 268, 272

inflation 19:127–128, 155, 169

(of tooth) 1:118

of uriniferous tubule 6:22–23, 32–36

retraction of 1:210–211

Necrocytosis 1:63, 68

Necrohormone 3:126

Necrosauridae 20:196

Necrosis 8:94, 501, 503–505, 507, 509; 19:517, 521

in limb development 15:131

interdigital 15:81

Nectridea, origin and evolution 1:20, 36

Necturus 5:1; 17:675; 21:293

muscle tissue 11:290

Neelaps 8:23; 15:654; 16:520; 19:223; 20:550

bimaculatus 8:23; 20:628

calonotus 8:23

Negative

allomewtry 21:52

feedback loops (see also Brain study; Gonadal

Steroid Hormone) 18:72

pressure breathing 5:229, 238

reinforcement 7:559

Neivamyrex nigrescens 18:120, 487

Nematoda

blood cell morphology 3:88

blood chemistry 3:35

Nembutal 3:1; 5:44, 47; 10:326

Neoblasts 15:358

Neoceratodus 19:535, 564

eye 2:53

urinogenital system 6:3

Neochelydia, shell 1:332, 335–336

Neochoanate condition 11:61, 111

Neocortex 10:95, 327–328, 330

Neodrosopterin 18:343

Neomammalian brain 18:18

Neomorph 20:363, 374, 423, 448, 479, 543, 547, 560, 588

Neomorphic structures 21:189

Neonate 20:385, 415, 437

Neonychial pad 14:447

Neopallium 14:433, 495

Neoprene collar 5:100

latex 5:100; 6:317, 351

Neoseps 7:286, 494; 12:114; 16:118, 284

Neostigmine 8:457–458, 464

methylsulfate 5:126

Neostriatum 10:191, 260, 330

ventrale 17:647

Neotenic 20:485

Neoteny 11:82, 91, 94, 203, 227

Nepal 2:323

Nephrectomy 6:32

Nephric

fold 19:32, 40, 487

strand 6:4

Nephritis 8:509

Nephrocoele 6:2–3, 11, 14

Nephrogenic

cord (see also Intermediate cell mass) 15:152

region (see Nephrotome)

Nephron (see also Metanephric tubule; Uriniferous

tubule) 5:413, 447–448, 450, 460, 465, 469–471, 473–479, 483, 486

Nephrosis 8:508–509

Nephrostomal

canal 15:153, 179

duct 3:267

Nephrostome 6:2–3, 7–8, 11–13, 15–16, 18; 15:153, 171, 179

Nephrotome 14:311, 440; 15:153

Nephrotoxic 8:497, 508–509

Nephrurus 7:359, 468; 12:122–123, 460; 15:328, 344–345; 16:15, 31, 138, 256, 259; 20:38, 40, 118–120, 122, 261, 296; 21:95, 135

asper 20:296, 306; 21:399

axial skeleton 1:264, 268

chondrocranium 11:73, 82

deleani 21:401

laevis 20:296

laevissimus 20:306; 21:401

levis 21:7, 401

stellatus 21:401

vertebralis 21:401

wheeleri 21:399

Nerodia (see also other natricines; Natrix) 8:377, 594–595, 655, 693; 9:373; 12:7, 60, 129–130, 288, 331, 346, 358–359, 363, 417, 419, 423, 426–427, 465; 13:15–16, 31, 36–37, 69–70, 104, 127, 163–164, 180–182, 184–185, 187–188, 192, 209; 14:543; 15:45, 280, 533, 554, 569–570, 572, 581–582, 586, 594, 652; 16:15, 21, 49, 66, 120, 147, 155, 177–178, 519; 17:188, 193, 245, 276, 416; 18:150; 19:118, 157, 234; 20:557–558, 573; 21:487, 497–498, 501, 566, 569, 574, 577, 579, 603, 614

chondrocranium 11:136, 151, 159–160

clarkii 19:115, 210

cyclopion 18:130, 258; 19:210; 20:647; 21:579, 595–596

cyclopion cyclopion 18:130

erythrogaster 18:163, 264, 485; 19:106, 210; 20:647

fasciata 18:130, 258, 485; 19:106, 210; 20:647

fasciata confluens 18:130

harteri 19:210; 20:647

muscle tissue 11:317, 336

rhombifer 19:106–108, 112, 149, 159, 210, 356; 20:395, 562, 567, 647

rhombifera 18:129–130, 258, 460, 486; 21:602– 603

rhombifera rhombifera 18:478

sipedon 10:204, 230; 18:129, 270, 442–444, 478, 484, 486, 488; 19:13, 44, 51, 59–60, 62, 81, 99, 210, 319, 356; 20:648

taxispilota 18:52; 19:100, 116–117, 123, 126, 146, 211; 20:648

valida 19:211; 20:648

Nerve(s) (see also Nervus) 5:90; 19:404, 540, 549, 559

V1

(see Nerve, opthalmic)

V2

(see Nerve, maxillary)

V2

, V3, V4 branches trigeminal 20:561

V3

(see Nerve, mandibular)

V4 21:523–524, 531

V4

branches 20:567, 591

VII (see facial)

XII (hypoglossal nevre) 21:595

abducens (VI) 9:6–7, 9, 11, 48, 56, 58, 76–77, 81–82, 84, 95, 103–104, 108–109, 113–115, 117–118, 122, 125–126; 10:134– 135, 139, 141, 149, 157, 163, 206, 209, 216, 238; 20:29–30, 206, 526, 540, 567; 21:518–519

accessory (XI) 9:13; 10:2, 134–135, 186, 205, 210

accessory nerves 20:11, 28, 34, 72, 114–115, 239–240

adrenergic 5:236

anastomotic 21:495

and caudal regeneration 15:351, 353, 356

and limb buds 15:84

and rudimentary limbs 15:122–123

aortic 19:318

augmenter 5:307

cardiac 10:2, 17

cardiac sympathetic 19:402, 452

cells in dermis 14:529

cell migration 14:433

cervical sympathetic 19:453

chorda tympani branch of the facial nerve 20:22, 37

cid 21:532

ciliary 10:6, 9–10, 43

conduction 12:234, 341

conductivity 8:438, 469

cord 6:7, 108

coronary 10:36

decelerator 5:307

deep petrosal 21:514, 519, 521–525, 531, 536

dorsal constrictor (V4) branch of trigeminal

nerve 20:365

ending, sensory 9:407–441

endings (see also Neuromuscular junction) 2:280, 282–285, 287–288, 291, 293, 305–312, 314

ethmoidal 5:425; 9:7, 10; 10:7

eye-muscle 21:533

facial (VII) 9:9, 12, 69, 76–77, 81, 97–99, 103, 107, 109, 111, 114–115, 117–119, 121, 123, 125–126, 128, 134; 10:2–3, 6, 11, 26, 45, 134–135, 141, 149, 157, 163, 169, 206, 211, 215–216, 226, 263; 20:11, 24, 28, 31, 216, 222, 246, 248, 382, 390–391, 408, 471, 484, 567, 591; 21:513

femoral 21:34–35, 197, 354

fiber 5:416

glossopharyngial 21:489, 493, 495, 500

greater superficial petrosal 21:514, 532

growth factor 8:234–237, 360–362, 471–473

hyoid 9:12

hyomandibular 10:9

hyomandibular branch of facial nerve 20:365, 382, 390, 408, 591

hypobranchiales 1 and 2 21:214

hypoglossal (XII) 9:14, 16, 49–50, 52, 59, 81, 96, 108, 111, 114, 118, 121, 134; 10:134–135, 139, 147, 155, 161, 186, 193, 201–202, 205–207, 209; 20:10, 28, 33, 114–115, 232, 240, 382, 525

inferior alveolar 20:36–37, 114

inferior laryngeal 10:41

infralabial 20:487; 21:610

levator bulbi branch of V4 (cid nerve) 20:471, 561, 591

levator bulbi (deep petrosal) 21:516, 518

lingual 10:26; 21:605

mandibular (V3) 10:10, 226; 17:374; 20:36, 274, 364, 375, 460, 487, 504; 21:523, 525, 536, 595, 599–600, 604–605, 613–614

mandibular (V3) branch of trigeminal 20:365, 460, 479, 487, 504

maxillary (V2) 10:7, 9–10, 226; 17:372, 374; 20:18–19, 24, 109, 370, 381–382, 398, 471, 561; 21:512–513, 522–523, 536, 554, 557

maxillary (V2) branch of trigeminal 20:365, 370, 381–382, 471, 561

maxillo-mandibular (V2–V3) 9:11–12, 48, 69, 76, 82, 84, 95, 97, 103, 107, 109, 113, 115, 117, 123, 125, 128, 131, 134

medial 21:31

motor neuron 19:314

-muscle preparations 8:455

-muscle relationships 21:195–196

-muscle specificity 21:198

mylohyoid 21:595–596

oculomotor (III) 9:3, 9, 11, 48, 57, 71, 81, 84, 94–97, 100, 103–104, 107–109, 111–112, 114–115, 117; 10:2–3, 6, 11, 43, 45, 234–135, 145, 153, 159, 165, 177, 202, 209, 238, 254, 263, 270; 20:10, 27, 540

of gonad 6:50

of kidney 6:36, 42

of levator pterygoideus 21:524

olfactory (I) 9:7, 9–10, 33, 71, 107, 126, 149; 10:6; 19:322; 20:398

opthalmic (V1) 9:11–12, 48, 58, 108, 118; 10:6–7, 9–10, 226, 238; 17:372, 374; 20:15, 17, 84, 124, 214, 230, 381, 540; 21:513, 533, 537, 539, 577, 581–582

opthalmic (V1) branch of trigeminal 20:365, 381

optic (II) 9:10, 18, 48, 69, 71, 76, 82, 94–97, 99–100, 103, 107–109, 112–113, 115, 117, 120, 122–123, 128, 130–131, 176; 10:134–135, 174, 270, 290, 310; 20:10, 27, 370, 374, 381

palatine 9:8, 12; 10:6–7, 9–10, 26

palatine branch of facial nerve 20:30, 271, 382, 390–391, 408, 471, 484, 567, 591

parasympathetic 10:3, 7–8, 11, 45

parietal 9:225, 246–248, 270, 285, 292, 343

pelvic 10:39–41

pineal 9:20, 222, 246, 325, 362–364, 371

postsacral 21:325

radial 21:31, 261

regeneration 15:361, 368

respiratory neuron 19:312

Rieppel’s cid 21:536

sacral 10:5, 8, 39, 41

sciatic 10:43

sectioning 8:131

sinus 19:318

sphenethmoidal 10:7

spinal 10:8, 206; 19:452

spinal accessory 19:313

splanchnic 10:24, 36–37

statoacoustic (VIII) 9:12–13, 46, 49, 77, 97–98, 103–104, 118, 134, 187

stimulation 5:307

suborbital branch of maxillary nerve 20:446, 468

suborbital maxillary 20:450

supracoracoid 21:30, 32, 74, 84, 245, 249

sympathetic 10:2, 14–15, 18; 19:402–403, 453; 20:567

sympathetic nerve 21:521

terminal 10:6–7

trigeminal (V) 9:2–3, 7, 11, 34, 44, 46, 58, 70, 76–77, 81, 83–84, 95, 97–98, 103, 107–109, 111, 113–115, 117, 120–121, 123–125, 128, 134, 185; 10:6–7, 127, 134–135, 141, 147, 149, 151, 157–158, 163, 188, 206, 224, 226, 292; 17:370; 20:10, 15, 23, 27, 31, 126, 244, 274, 364, 375, 398, 460, 466

trochlear (IV) 9:3, 7, 9, 11, 48–50, 57, 71, 81, 95–97, 103–104, 112–113, 115, 121–122, 128; 10:134–135, 143, 151, 158, 164, 202, 209; 20:10, 27

ulnar 21:31, 198

vago-sympathetic 5:309

vagus (X) 5:64–65, 236–237, 308; 9:3, 13–14, 46, 49, 58, 71, 82, 95, 97–98, 100, 103, 105, 108–109, 111, 113, 118, 123, 125–126, 134; 10:2–3, 6–9, 11–15, 17, 20–24, 27–28, 30–32, 34, 36, 39, 41, 45, 134–135, 139, 147, 155, 161, 168–170, 186, 188, 202, 207, 209–211, 258; 17:391, 399; 19:313, 318, 320–321, 402, 438, 449–454, 472; 20:11, 28, 34, 72, 75–76, 114–115, 246–247, 270, 287, 442, 591

vesical 10:39–40

vestibular 10:172

vestibulocochlear 10:127, 134–135, 141, 147, 149, 157, 163, 170–171, 173, 188, 206, 212, 215–216, 219–220, 224; 20:11, 28, 31, 33–34, 72–73, 113

vidian 21:514

vomeronasal 10:6; 20:397, 403, 420, 448, 483, 490–491, 500, 539, 556–558

Nervous

influences 5:314

layers of retina 2:32–33

retina 2:4

system 3:224, 226

tissue 5:104

Nervus(i) (N.) (see also Nerve)

ad angulum oris 4:120–123, 144

ad labium 4:144

ad M. constrictor I dorsalis 4:143

ad M. pterygoideum posteriorem 4:143

adductor externus medialis 4:144

adductor externus profundus 4:144

adductor externus superficialis 4:144

adductor internus pseudotemporalis 4:144

adductor internus pterygoideus anterior 4:144

adductor internus pterygoideus posterior 4:144

adductor posterior 4:144

axillares communes 21:6, 709, 214

brachialis longus inferior 21:213–214

brachialis longus superior 21:213–214

chorda tympani 9:12; 10:6–7, 9, 26

coracobrachiales 21:214

coracoideus 21:214

depressor palpebrae 21:514

externus narium (see Ramus lateralis nasi of

ethmoidal nerve)

flexor brachii 21:214

glossopharyngeal 20:11, 28, 34, 72, 75–76, 112, 116, 126, 148, 150, 207, 247, 249, 270, 287, 382, 485, 567, 591

glossopharyngeal (IX) 9:3, 13, 15, 46, 49, 58–59, 71, 76–77, 82, 95, 97–98, 100, 103, 107–109, 111, 113–114, 118, 123, 125–126, 134; 10:2–3, 7, 11, 26, 45, 134–135, 169, 186, 202, 206, 209, 212–213, 216, 226; 19:318

intramandibularis 4:144

ischiadiscus ventralis 21:35

lateralis nasi 5:423

levator bulbi 4:144

muscli adductoris mandibulae externi medialis

(see N. pro M. adductor mandibulae

externus pars media)

musculi adductoris mandibulae externi

profundi (see N. pro M. adductor mandibulae

externus pars profunda)

musculi adductorus mandibulae externa

superficialis (see N. pro M. adductor

mandibulae externus pars superficialis)

musculi adductorus mandibulae posterioris

(see N. pro M. adductor mandibulae

posterior)

musculi pseudotemporalis (see N. pro M.

pseudotemporalis)

musculi pterygoidei 4:306–307, 424

mylohyoideus anterior (see Ramus intermandibularis

oralis)

mylohyoideus posterior (see Ramus intermandibularis

caudalis)

obturator 21:34, 197, 325, 330, 361

pectoralis 21:213–214

pro M. adductor mandibulae externus

pars media 4:120–123, 424

pars profunda 4:120–123, 424

pars superficialis 4:120–123, 424

pro M. adductor mandibulae posterior 4:120–123, 137, 424–425

pro M. adductori mandibulae externo 4:119–123, 143, 425

pro M. adductori mandibulae externo ventralis 4:123

pro M. adductori mandibulae interno 4:123, 143

pro M. intramandibularis 4:121–123

pro M. pseudotemporalis 4:120–123, 424–425, 437

pro M. pterygoideus 4:120–123

pterygoideus 4:137

radialis 21:214

rami musculares breves 21:4–9, 214

septi narium 2:180

supracoracoideus 21:213

sympathicus (see Ramus communicans)

terminalis 2:142

thoracodorsalis 21:7, 8, and 9, 214

vagoaccessorius 21:214

Nervus terminals 18:424

Nessia 15:115; 20:138, 140–141, 144, 147–149, 298

axial skeleton 1:253, 267

burtoni 21:403

ear 2:271

eye 2:13, 27, 31

jaw muscles 4:478

layardi 20:298, 307

nose 2:120

Nest(s) (see also Crocodilians; Lizards; Snakes;

Turtles; Water balance of eggs and embryos) 16:401–402

air flow 14:239

air spaces in 16:532–535

“arribada” 16:402

body pits 16:532

building (construction) 14:342, 349, 352, 354

delayed emergence 16:397

environment 15:621

environmental effects 16:402, 416

gas tensions 16:575–577

guarding 16:282, 302, 306–308, 355

humidity 14:345, 352–353

hydration 16:556–562

incubation 16:531, 546–547

interference 16:418

microbial fermentation 14:373

migration 16:401

mortality (see also Embryos) 16:403–404, 416, 418, 462

number 16:361, 365–368, 391–393

opening of 16:278–282, 288, 301, 314

physical interactions 16:577–578

predation 15:621, 671–672, 677–678

predation on 16:403–404, 416, 418, 585

sex ratios 16:553, 584–585

site selection 16:416, 571–572

sites 14:9, 183, 199, 217, 344, 352; 15:616, 618–619

soils 16:557–558, 564

success 16:403–404

temperature (see also Thermal balance; Nest

temperature) 14:227–229, 345, 352–354, 397; 15:273–274, 618

determinants of 16:538–544, 584

daily cycles 16:539–541, 543–545, 550

measurements of 16:542–544

parental care 16:301–302

shivering thermogenesis 16:278, 288–291, 302, 310–311

soil thermal profiles 16:539–542

spatial variation within nests 16:541–542, 544

terrestrial 16:420

types 16:532–535, 540–542, 558–559

vegetation 14:373

ventilation 16:532–535, 540–542, 558–559

water balance (see Water balance of eggs and

embryos)

water exchange in naturem 16:562–563, 570–572

Nesting 13:12, 14

behavior 14:272

in captivity 14:216, 221

season 14:179, 185, 192, 201, 227, 272, 343–344, 350

Net

cost of transport (see Locomotion)

radiometer 12:284

reproductive rate 7:191–194, 227–228

Netting (see Capture methods)

Nettosuchus (see Mourasuchus)

Neural

arch 1:18, 27, 30, 201–202, 204, 206–207, 209–212, 217, 222–223, 225–228, 236, 239, 244–245, 249–252, 255, 269, 273–276, 283–286, 288–289, 299–301; 11:29, 36–38, 240, 358, 362, 366, 368, 380, 389, 391, 417, 421, 431

arch formation 15:311

arch of the atlas 20:478; 21:545

arch ossification 15:311, 314

bone 1:222, 224, 320, 322, 324–330, 336–337

canal 1:207, 234, 245, 285–286; 14:99, 117, 432

circuits 18:55

components 5:353

control 5:429

control of circulation 5:306, 310

crest 3:264; 9:24, 34, 183; 11:39, 199, 222; 14:381; 19:508; 20:7–8, 49

derivatives 14:133, 417, 420, 525–526, 528–529

excision 14:459

migration 14:417, 526

transplantation 14:640

crest cell 18:305

factors 14:428

folds 11:222; 14:97, 172, 281, 285, 287–288, 381, 386, 388, 432, 501; 15:12

groove 14:27, 96, 116, 285–286, 502, 505–506, 508–509, 513

groove formation 15:12

limbus 2:217, 239, 243–250, 253–255, 258, 260

lobe of pituitary 3:136–137, 140–144, 147, 160, 162–166, 168–176, 178–185, 187–195

plate (see also Neural bone) 14:26, 113, 116, 381, 505

reflex 18:45

regulation 18:309

shield (see Neural plate)

spine 1:201, 207, 210–211, 217, 222, 224, 227, 229, 233–234, 236, 238–239, 249–250, 257, 271, 274–277, 280, 284–285, 296–299, 313, 322, 337; 11:358, 362–363, 372–373, 376–378, 380, 382, 389, 391, 396, 417, 421

tube 2:4; 9:177; 14:99, 116–117, 123, 128, 130, 502, 640

formation 15:12–13

Neuraminidase 8:487

Neurankylidae, shell 1:336

Neurankylus, shell 1:333

Neurenteric canal 14:99, 114, 117, 172, 285, 288, 505–506; 15:186–188

Neurépine (see Neural spine)

Neuroanatomical plan 21:198

Neuroblast 8:472

Neurocentral suture 1:207, 226, 229–230, 235

Neurocranium 14:312; 20:7, 12, 39, 64, 404

Neuroendocrine reflex 18:52

Neuroepithelial cell 6:232

Neuroepithelial bodies 19:46

Neurofibrils 3:277

Neurogenesis 14:9, 18; 18:437, 450

Neurogenic control 5:305

Neuroglial tissue (see Ependyma; Müller cells)

Neurohypophysial

hormones 5:385–386, 461, 464; 15:588–591

peptides 5:477

Neurohypophysis (see also Pars nervosa of pituitary) 3:136–142, 166; 5:430, 461, 464; 14:129–130, 172, 705–706, 714; 15:384, 587; 17:597, 600–601, 606, 629, 637, 679

median eminence 14:682–683, 714

pars nervosa 14:682–683, 687–688, 714

Neurokinin A 17:639

Neurology 14:5

Neuromeres 14:400

Neurometric segmentation 1:222

Neuromodulator 10:249; 18:50

Neuromuscular

block 8:448, 455–459, 461, 465, 475, 528

junction 8:451–467, 471, 517, 528; 11:267, 290, 335, 338; 17:589

Neuron(s) 5:28; 8:472

adrenal 3:274–278, 284, 286, 299

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) 17:65, 103, 159, 610, 673, 676–677, 690; 18:53

Neuropeptides 18:53, 55

Neurophysin 17:595, 600

Neurophysiology 5:94

Neuropore 14:117, 128, 134, 172, 288

Neurosecretion 3:135, 137–138, 142, 163, 170, 185, 192, 212,224, 310; 6:117

Neurosecretory fibers 3:138–139, 142, 147, 166, 168, 172, 175, 178, 187–188, 190, 193

Neurotensin 17:65–66, 69, 159, 653–660, 688–689

Neurotoxin 8:153, 187–188, 196–232, 364, 441, 448–451, 454, 459–471, 473–480, 483, 510

alignment (composition) of amino acids 8:197–202

serological groups 8:197

Neurotransmitter(s) (see also Acetylcholine;

Adrenalin; Aspartate; Dopamine; Gamma

aminobutyric acid; Glutamate;

Glycine; Kainate; Norepinephrine; Serotonin) 8:466; 11:226, 286, 289; 12:229–230, 235, 255; 18:45; 19:317

Neurulation 9:174; 14:13, 17, 96, 115–117, 388, 503; 15:7–8, 12–13

Neusterophis, ear 2:272

Neusticurus 12:44, 116; 13:210, 308–309; 16:142, 518; 20:186, 188–193, 301, 308

bicarinatus 19:26–27, 79

dentition 1:163

ear 2:271

ecpleopus 20:258, 308

eye 2:27

jaw muscles 4:478

strangulatus 20:189, 193, 308

Neutral

lipids 12:416; 18:151, 154, 187

mucopolysaccharide 2:175; 6:234, 246–247, 251, 271–272, 280, 283, 288–289, 294, 296, 301

mucosubstance 6:287

red 14:115

Neutralization techniques 8:362–371

Neutrophilic granulocytes (see Neutrophils)

Neutrophils 3:74, 86, 102–103, 105; 14:602–603, 606–607, 612–615, 623

New Guinea 2:323

New research (see Future research)

New skin 5:99

New Zealand 2:324

Newness neuron 10:291

Niche 12:302, 469; 19:4, 6–7, 9, 11, 14, 24–28, 31, 37–38, 67–68, 107, 147, 169; 19:6–7, 28, 33

breath 7:3, 22–23

change 7:88–91

complementary dimensions 7:79–85

definitions 7:63

differences 7:67–72, 85–87, 98–104

dimension 7:10–11, 16, 22, 66, 72–74, 78–86, 105–109

overdispersion 7:67, 72–85

overlap 7:23–25, 63–64, 67, 85

separation 7:72–78, 85–88, 108–109, 112–115

trophic 7:18

Nicotene sulfate 5:53

Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) 8:513

Nicotinamide mononucleotide 8:341

Nicotine 8:463, 473, 654; 10:24, 43

Nicotinic

agents 11:290, 296

receptors 8:512

Nictitans (see Nictitating membrane)

Nictitating membrane 2:6–7, 10–11, 13–14, 49, 63, 67, 74–75, 81–82, 88; 5:417; 10:43–44; 11:237; 14:414, 415

Nierengang (see Ureter)

Nierenkanälchen (see Metanephric tubule)

Nigeria 2:324

Nigerophiidae 20:482, 596

Nigerophis mirus 20:596

Nigrostriatal system 10:178, 251

Nile blue sulfate 3:293; 14:92, 115, 134, 609

Nile monitor (see Varanus)

Ninhydrin 18:168

-Schiff 6:228, 248, 294

Ninia 7:502; 16:17–23, 123, 147, 204, 230; 19:154, 211, 224; 20:578

atrata 19:211

diademata 19:211; 20:651

ear 2:272

hudsoni 19:211

maculata 19:211

oxynota 19:211

psephota 19:211

sebae 19:6–7, 28, 33

Ninth cranial nerve (see Glossopharyngeal

nerve)

Nische (see Niche)

Nischennetz 19:8

Nissl bodies 2:156

Nitosauridae 9:298

Nitration 8:226

Nitro BT 6:239, 250, 282, 291

Nitrogen (see also PN2) 3:17, 20, 24–25; 5:322, 483, 486–489; 12:355, 362, 428

atmosphere 5:191–192, 304, 318

breathing 5:291

catabolism 5:382

containing compounds 5:483

excretion 5:10, 170, 172, 447

metabolism 5:465, 477, 480, 483, 489–490, 498

mustard 15:359, 382

survival in 5:193, 198

Nitrogenous

compounds 13:88–90

wastes 5:10, 447, 457–458, 477

P-Nitrophenylacetate 8:321 2-Nitrophenylsulfenyl chloride 8:225

Nitrous oxide 5:50

Nociception 10:301, 316

Nocturnal 18:139

habits 2:20, 22, 41, 45–46, 50, 62–63, 81, 83, 85, 87, 89–90, 92, 296; 3:192, 215

organisms 5:35

species 15:381–382

Nodose ganglion 3:113–114

Nomenclature 21:194, 201

Non-breeding season 18:131, 133

Non-elastic forces 19:306, 308

Non-identity 8:342, 352

Non-lamellar bone 1:49–50, 55

matrix 1:55

Non-mucous gland 8:8

Non-passerine birds 5:159

Non-polar lipids 18:155

Non-protein nitrogen 12:333, 352; 13:89

Non-pulmonary gas exchange 13:35–40, 73

Non-territorial

definition 7:267

evidence for 7:267

examples of 7:288, 316

Non-vascular

air sac 5:96

bone 1:47, 63–64, 71, 76

cortex 1:72, 74

Nonelectrolytes 5:61

Nonidez technique 17:176

Nonspecific system 10:318

Nonvenomous colubroids 20:534

Noose-stick 8:96

Noradrenalin(e) 3:264, 307–309; 5:199; 6:87; 8:194; 12:184, 237

cells 3:298–309

Noradrenergic

dorsal bundle 10:187

fiber 10:93, 262

neurons 18:445

ventral 10:276

Norepinephrine 5:38, 236, 307; 6:69; 8:466; 9:372; 10:2, 10, 14, 18, 33–34, 40, 247–250, 259, 265; 12:230, 238, 243–244, 253, 256; 17:589; 18:236–238, 309, 317–319, 345, 454; 19:452–453

Normal

activity range 12:19

tables (Normentafeln) 14:13–15, 32, 94–99, 134, 141, 281, 390, 394, 588; 15:10, 12, 30, 62

Normoblast 3:75

Normothermic

hummingbirds 5:158

mammals 5:158

Normoxia 19:301, 303, 319, 467

Norops (see also Anolis) 7:272; 20:89–90, 271

ear 2:271

grahami 20:304

sagrei 20:304

North America 2:320–321

Nose (see also Nasal cavity) 2:99–191

adult anatomy 2:104–153

development 14:133–135, 173, 419–421, 515

embryology 2:164–174

evolution 2:183–184

histology 2:153–164

major regions 2:100–104

terminology 2:99–100

Nostril (see External naris)

Nostrils 5:101

Notaelurops 9:299

Notechis (Notechiini) 7:223–224, 505; 8:24, 99, 103, 174, 179, 193, 196, 238, 242–243, 246, 250–251, 260, 262, 288, 293, 295–296, 300, 305, 309, 326, 335, 343, 358, 360–361, 369, 376, 379, 444, 455–456, 466, 471, 473, 493, 498, 513, 663, 694–695; 12:132, 144; 13:308, 310–311; 15:45, 654; 16:150, 483, 520; 19:222; 20:544; 21:586, 592

ater 8:24, 326; 19:197

blood chemistry 3:34

ear 2:272

eye 2:62

jaw muscles 4:483

parathyroid 3:248

scutatus 8:24, 99, 174, 179, 193, 196, 238, 242–243, 246–247, 251, 260, 262, 288, 293, 295–296, 300, 305, 309, 335, 343, 358, 360–361, 369, 376, 379, 444, 455–456, 466, 471, 473, 493, 498, 513, 663, 694–695; 19:120; 20:541, 545, 552, 628

Nothopsini 19:131, 133, 158, 171, 224

Nothopsis 19:224

jaw muscles 4:441, 481

rugosus 19:211; 20:651

Nothosauria, dentition 1:121, 191

Nothosauridae, dentition 1:191

Nothosaurus 9:67, 70, 138–139, 297–298, 304

dentition 1:191–192

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:92

Notochelys 7:463, 465

limbs 4:11

shell 1:329

Notochord 1:205, 234, 246; 3:268; 6:7, 107–108; 11:10–13, 15, 27–29, 38–41, 43–44, 46, 52, 54, 56, 59, 66, 74–76, 82, 93, 109, 116, 136–140, 144, 160, 166, 170, 172–173, 179, 192, 194, 206–207, 209, 213–214, 217, 229–230, 233, 237–238; 14:115–116, 123, 125, 386, 398, 432, 501, 506, 513, 687; 15:21, 31220:7, 10, 361

Notochordal canal (see also Chordamesodermal

canal) 1:234, 243–244, 301; 14:113

cartilage 15:313–314, 326–327

Notollasia 9:299

Notophthalmus 13:127, 180, 182

caudal regeneration 15:359

limb regeneration 15:390

Notorhynchus maculatus 19:562

Notoscincus 21:397

Notosuchidae, skull 4:267, 275–276

Noxious stimuli 5:37

N-terminal amino group 3:42

Nubianophis afaahus 20:596

Nuchal 4 12

bone 1:217, 222, 312–313, 320–322, 329, 333

plate 11:362–363, 369–370

region 4:324

shield (see Cervical shield)

sinus 6:318, 322, 324, 333, 345, 375–378

Nuchisulcophis 19:101

Nuchodorsal gland 18:122

Nuclear

bag fibers 11:317, 321

cap (see Attraction sphere)

chain fibers 11:317

envelope 14:55, 57

Magnetic Resonance (NMR) 18:154–155, 170, 203

membrane 3:121, 210; 6:284

pores 14:55

Nucleic acid(s) 3:45, 298; 6:229; 8:163; 19:515

phosphatase 3:45

Nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio 3:75–78, 80–82, 87

Nucleolus 3:119–120, 122, 137, 176, 207, 289, 298, 327; 6:33, 48, 111–112, 241, 245, 279, 284, 292–293

during early development 14:117–118

follicle cell 14:57, 68

of germ cells 15:170

of medullary cord cells 15:158

oocyte 14:51, 54–55, 68

primordial germ cell 14:44–47

RNA 14:117

thecal fibroblast 14:56

thymocyte 14:619

Nucleoides 3:45

Nucleonema 14:57

Nucleosidase 8:300, 340

Nucleoside triphosphate 15:562

Nucleosides 8:193

Nucleotidase 8:165, 513 5 nucleotidase 6:44, 270 5ʹ-nucleotidase 8:91, 139, 177–178, 188, 243–245

apical ridge 15:92

Nucleus(i) 2:33, 35–36, 39–41, 44, 48, 54, 58–61, 65, 76–77, 154,157–158, 162, 164, 166, 175, 180, 182, 209–210, 214, 285, 310; 3:44, 75–78, 80–87, 94, 119–122, 124, 137, 144–145, 149–150, 152–154, 156, 158, 169–170, 172–174, 176, 179, 181–182, 184, 186–197, 193, 207, 209, 237, 240, 245–246, 248, 254, 283–284, 288–289, 294, 298, 301, 309–311, 326–328; 6:40, 42, 48, 60, 70, 72–74, 78–79, 110, 112, 119, 236, 241–142, 244–245, 252, 258–260, 262–263, 265, 267, 275–276, 279–280, 284–285, 291–293

abducens 9:190–191; 10:139, 149, 181, 186, 193, 206, 209, 216, 240; 17:334, 530

accesory abducens 10:186, 240

accumbens 9:235; 17:600, 602, 607, 610, 613, 621, 629; 18:445

accumbens septi 10:253, 259, 280

ambiguus 10:147, 161, 185, 193, 258; 17:664; 18:343

angularis 10:209, 216, 218, 221, 223

basal optic 9:193, 197; 10:145, 153, 159, 165, 175, 177, 202, 209, 232, 240; 17:176, 205, 208, 218, 533, 535–536, 565

basal telencephalic 10:185, 227

basalis 10:190

bed nucleus, of the stria terminalis 17:599, 621

Bischoff’s 10:155, 166, 205

branchiomotor 10:185

caloris 17:325

caudalis, of the trigeminal nerve 17:370, 389–390, 409, 411, 413–414, 421, 438

caudate 10:185, 249, 276

central of the torus semicircularis 10:143, 145, 151, 153, 164–165, 174, 244; 17:660

circularis 17:533, 535, 565

cochlear 10:173, 191, 202, 206, 211, 216, 220–224, 294

commissuare infimae 10:155, 170, 213

cranial nerve 10:193

cuneate 10:137, 206–207

deep cerebellar 10:170, 179–180, 217, 220

Deiter’s (see ventrolateral vestibular)

descending, of the trigeminal nerve 17:389, 519, 530, 532, 540, 560

descending vestibular 17:508, 517, 520

diagonal band 9:235; 17:603, 607, 612

dorsal column 10:121, 137, 139, 147, 161, 166, 170–171, 188, 202, 204, 207, 209–210, 236, 241, 293, 301; 17:342, 530

dorsal intermediate of thalamus 10:168, 190, 296

dorsal lateral geniculate 10:175–176, 253, 266, 268–269, 294, 296–300, 309–310, 319–321, 333; 17:185–188, 207–208, 219–220, 282, 310, 405, 658

dorsal motor of the vagus 10:123, 128, 139, 147, 155, 161, 167, 185, 193, 207, 212, 230, 258

dorsal of supraoptic decussation 10:296

dorsal, of the posterior commissure 17:328, 330, 630, 690

dorsal pretectal 17:679

dorsalis anterior pars magnocellularis 18:444

dorsolateral 9:189; 10:202, 204, 206–207, 209, 263, 269, 302; 17:540

dorsolateral anterior 10:314

dorsolateral metencephalic 10:123

dorsolateral, of the thalamus 17:600, 603, 629, 637, 648, 656

dorsolateral vestibular 10:125–126, 141, 149, 157, 163, 170–171, 180, 218–219; 17:508, 539, 556

dorsolateralis anterior 17:186, 219

dorsomedial 9:189, 223–224, 228, 231; 10:206–207, 209–210, 213, 263, 269, 325

dorsomedial anterior 10:272

dorsomedial thalamic 17:600, 603, 621, 629, 637, 648, 656

ectomammilaris 17:205

Edinger-Westphal 10:145, 153, 159, 165, 193, 209, 239

entopeduncular 10:177; 17:660

external cuneate 10:179, 192

facial 10:139, 141, 149, 157, 163, 167, 169, 180, 185–186, 193, 202, 206, 209, 212–213, 216, 234, 237

facial motor 17:558, 560

fastigial 10:93; 17:548, 552, 564

follicle cell 14:57

geniculate pretectal 17:190, 207, 219, 534

glossopharyngeal motor 10:186, 193, 202, 206–207, 212–213, 216, 234

gracile 10:137, 206–207

griceus pretectalis 17:207

griceus tectalis 17:190, 213, 219

habenular (see also Commissure habenular) 9:22, 223–225, 229, 236; 10:177, 233, 253, 269, 294, 306, 318–319

lateral 17:610, 612

medial 17:610, 612

hypoglossal 10:83, 139, 147, 161, 167, 205–207, 209–210, 234; 17:519, 530

inferior olivary 17:513–514, 516, 524–526, 528–529, 535–536, 565

inferior raphé 10:88, 90, 95, 125, 128, 139, 141, 147, 149, 155, 157, 161, 163, 181, 184, 193, 265

inferior reticular 10:88, 90, 123, 139, 147, 155, 157, 161, 163, 167, 181–184, 193, 209–210, 234–236, 241

inferior vestibular 10:202, 206, 209, 216–217; 17:548

intercollicular 10:143, 151, 153, 158, 164, 168, 175, 233, 302

intercollicularis 17:660

interpeduncular 9:193, 196; 10:143, 145, 151, 153, 158–159, 164–165, 177, 202, 209, 233, 239, 254, 266; 17:610, 650

interpolaris, of the trigeminal nerve 17:389– 390, 413, 417

interposed, of the cerebellum 17:543, 551–552, 564, 567

interstitial 10:125–126, 128

interstitial of the medial longitudinal fasciculus 9:193, 195, 197; 10:145, 153, 159, 165, 182–184, 202, 232; 17:533

interstitial, of the posterior commissure 17:533, 535, 565

interstitialis striae terminalis 18:446

intralaminar 10:296, 331; 17:552

isthmi 10:143, 151, 158, 164, 170, 177, 184, 187, 191, 193, 202, 209, 218, 223–224, 240, 254, 266, 269, 281; 17:199, 255, 273, 318–322, 418

caudal 17:321

pars magnocellularis 17:632

rostral 17:321

laminar of the torus semicircularis 10:143, 145, 151, 153, 158–159, 164–165, 168, 174, 175, 187; 17:632, 651

laminaris 10:141, 149, 163, 173, 191, 209, 218, 221–223

lateral cerebellar 10:141, 151, 157, 163, 178, 180, 192, 202, 218

lateral descending of the trigeminal nerve 10:157, 168–169, 226; 17:389–390, 392, 394, 403, 438, 530, 660

lateral funicular 17:525, 528

lateral funiculus 10:147, 155, 161, 179, 192

lateral hypothalamic 9:231

lateral lemniscus, of the 10:143, 151, 158, 164, 202, 223, 234; 17:610

lateral, of the cerebellum 17:507–508, 534, 539–541, 544, 548, 550, 563–564, 567–568

lateral posterior 10:176, 191, 300, 324

lateral reticular 10:179, 209–210, 234–235

lateral septal 10:280; 17:602

lateral ventral 17:184, 207, 219, 405, 413

lateral ventral reticular 10:123

lateral vestibular of Deiters 17:508, 553

lateralis profundus mesencephali 9:193–195

lentiformis mesencephali 9:222; 17:189–190, 207, 213, 218–219, 310

lentiformis thalami 9:222, 225–227

pars plicata 17:411

magnocellular 10:139, 147, 149, 157, 161, 173, 191, 209, 216, 218, 221–223

magnocellular reticular 10:184, 235

magnocellular thalamic 10:294, 296

mammillary 10:177–178

marginal 10:63–64, 78, 120, 139, 147, 155, 161

medial amygdaloid 17:599

medial cerebellar 10:141, 151, 157, 163, 180, 192, 202; 17:506–507, 539–541, 544, 548, 550, 552, 560, 563–564, 567

medial geniculate 10:224, 297, 331; 17:687

medial longitudinal fasciculus, of the 17:255

medial parvocellular 10:147, 155, 161

medial reticular 10:135, 139, 141, 157, 163, 167, 182–184, 193, 209, 233–234, 265

medial ventral, of the thalamus 17:405

mesencephali lateralis, pars dorsalis 10:191, 233; 17:660

mesencephalic of trigeminal 10:143, 145, 151, 153, 158, 163–164, 168–169, 190, 224

mesencephali reticular 10:209, 263, 266

middle reticular 10:125–126

myoid cell 14:622

oculomotor 9:184, 188–189, 191; 10:145, 151, 153, 159, 165, 177–178, 182, 186, 193, 202, 209, 230, 232, 238–240; 17:530, 553

olfactory 9:234

oocyte 14:51, 55, 60

oogonium 14:50, 52–55

opticus tegmenti (see also Nucleus, basal

optic) 17:205–206, 213, 218–219, 533

oralis 17:389–390, 392, 413, 418

ovalis 9:228; 10:296; 17:282

ovoidalis 10:191, 297; 17:687

parabrachial 10:190

paracomissuralis 17:535

pararotundus 17:404, 408–409, 418, 420, 422, 431–432

paraventricular 9:223–224, 229, 231–232; 17:590, 596, 600, 622, 637

parvocellular raphé 10:235

parvocellularis medialis 17 :530

periolivary 10:224

periorotundal 10:272, 331

periventricular 9:229

pontine 10:188, 192; 17:525, 565

posterior 10:296, 317

of the ansa lenticularis 17:660

of the hypothalmus 17:621

posterior commissure 10:145

posterodorsal 9:225; 17:191–193, 207–208, 213, 219

precerebellar 17:525–528

prepositus hypoglossi 17:529–530, 532, 535

pretectal 10:145, 175–176, 253, 266, 268–269, 300–301; 17:189–193, 314, 679, 692

primordial germ cell 14:44

principal, of the trigeminal nerve 10:141, 149, 157, 163, 168–169, 171, 190, 202, 209, 219, 224–225; 17:389, 391, 411, 413, 508, 530

profundus mesencephali 10:143, 151, 153, 159, 164, 187, 193, 202, 209, 233, 254, 269; 17:255, 262, 660

raphé 9:193, 196; 10:202, 233–235, 250; 17:329, 531–532, 621, 664

raphé inferior 17:525–526

red 9:193, 195; 10:96, 123, 125, 128, 145, 153, 159, 166, 179–180, 183, 192, 202, 209, 232–234, 254; 17:533, 536, 546, 551–552, 558, 560, 568

reticularis caloris 17:399–400, 403, 405, 418, 420–422, 438

reticularis inferior and medius 17:531

reticularis inferior parvocellularis subtrigeminus 17:414

reticularis isthmi 10:143, 151, 158, 182, 266

reuniens 9:228; 10:174, 191, 294, 296–297, 301, 317, 330, 332; 17:648

rotundus 9:223, 229, 231; 10:168, 176, 191, 253, 263, 294, 297–299, 302, 309, 311, 315, 318–326, 332; 17:186, 199, 209, 218, 256, 273, 276, 280, 330, 345, 404, 408–409, 411, 431–432, 438, 648

secondary visceral 10:143, 158, 170, 190, 258

septal 9:235

solitary 10:123, 125, 128, 139, 147, 155, 161, 169–170, 190, 202, 206–207, 209, 226, 258

solitary tract, of the 17:507, 529, 531, 599–600, 610, 612–613, 620–621, 633, 651, 664, 682

somatic motor 10:186

sphericus 17:600, 629, 648; 18:41, 97–98, 101, 441, 444–447, 495

lesion effects 18:495

spinal 10:169

of the trigeminal nerve 17:530, 685

spinal trigeminal 10:139, 147, 149, 168, 170, 183, 190, 204, 206–207, 209, 219, 224, 226

spinal vestibular 10:139, 147, 157, 161, 163, 167, 170–171, 213, 216, 219, 220

spiriform, lateral 17:630, 690

spiriform, medial 17:534–535

subcoeruleus (see dorsolateral metencephalic)

subthalamic 10:320, 324, 326; 17:660

superior medial reticular of isthmus 10:91

superior raphé 10:141, 143, 149, 151, 157–158, 163–164, 181, 265

superior reticular 10:125–126, 141, 151, 164, 167, 182–184, 192, 209, 233–235

superior vestibular 10:141, 170–171, 202, 206, 209, 216–218, 220; 17:508

suprachiasmatic 17:177, 219

supramammillary 17:649

supraoptic 17:177, 637

suprapeduncular 10:294, 296, 302, 319–322; 17:256, 325, 548

tangential 10:139, 141, 149, 157, 163, 170–172, 180, 191, 202, 206, 209, 216–217, 219–220

tangential vestibular 17:508

tegemental 9:193, 195

tegmentipedunculopontinus 17:330, 660

trigeminal 10:168, 179–180, 190, 230, 236

trigeminal motor 10:141, 157, 163, 169, 186–187, 193, 202, 206, 209, 216, 224–225, 227, 234, 241

trochlear 9:184, 190–191; 10:143, 151, 158, 186, 193, 202, 209, 230, 238, 240; 17:553

vagal motor 10:169, 202, 207, 209–210

ventral 10:294, 296, 301, 316, 319

ventral cochlear 10:173

ventral hypothalamic 9:231

ventral lateral 17:325, 405, 409, 552

ventral lateral geniculate 9:229; 10:294, 297, 200, 319, 333; 17:180–184, 207, 219, 282, 309–310, 416, 544, 679

ventral posterior lateral 10:317, 331

ventralis 9:224, 228–229, 232

ventrobasal 10:188, 190, 301

ventrocaudal 10:331

ventrolateral metencephalic 10:125–126

ventrolateral vestibular 10:125–126, 149, 157, 163, 166–167, 171–173, 180, 190–191, 202, 209, 216, 218, 220; 17:508, 537, 539–540, 548, 556, 558

ventrolateralis 9:223, 229, 231

ventromedial 17:540

ventromedial hypothalmic 17:621

ventromedial vestibular 10:139, 141, 147, 149, 157, 161, 163, 167, 171; 17:508, 539, 553

ventromedialis 9:223, 229, 231; 18:446

ventroposterior 17:414

vestibular 9:223; 10:122, 128, 166, 171–172, 179, 184, 192, 216–217, 224, 227, 236, 238, 331

white blood cell 14:604, 606, 609, 612

Z 10:297, 301

Nucras 12:110; 16:6, 117; 20:167

axial muscles 11:357

axial skeleton 1:242, 262

dentition 1:167

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:101

landii 20:307

Null indicator 5:72, 76

Numbers

of families of reptiles 7:6

of genera of reptiles 7:6

of species of reptiles 7:6, 9, 15

Nurse cell (see also Pyriform cell) 14:60–61

Nusselt number 12:281–282

Nutrient transport 5:275

Nutrition(al)

and immune response 14:639, 645

and thymic involution 14:639

condition 5:137

of captive turtles 14:207–208, 210–212

state 5:129; 12:251

Nutritive foramina 1:206

Nycteroleter 9:294

Nyctiphruretus origin and evolution 1:11

Nyctosauria, dentition 1:161–163

Nyctosaurus 9:41, 132–134

Nýřany, Czechoslovakia 1:25, 27, 35–36

Nythosaurus, nose 2:153

 

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