Biology of the Reptilia: Index U

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U-tube 5:76, 103

Übergangstück of uriniferous tubule (see Intermediate

segment of uriniferous tubule)

Uca 5:342

Uganda 2:324

Ukraine 2:322

Ulemosaurus 9:299

Ulna 1:85, 87, 91, 93, 95, 98, 101, 103–105, 108, 110–111; 4:16–19, 23, 27–28, 32–35, 38, 41, 45–47, 51, 58, 94; 21:13, 21, 25, 31, 33, 59, 102, 105, 110–118, 120, 124–125, 132, 135, 264, 280, 282–283, 285, 289–291, 293, 300–303, 306–307

development 15:74, 77, 80

ossification 14:313

suppression 15:115

-ulnare joint 21:10

Ulnar

collector (see Ventral collector of anterior limb)

condyle 21:101–102, 105–110, 112, 114

epicondyle 4:16, 22, 36, 40–41, 45–47, 51

fossae 21:106–110

nerve 4:23

patella 1:91, 93, 103

Ulnare 4:17–19, 41, 45–46; 15:74, 77, 80; 21:115– 117, 119–126, 289–291, 305–307

Ultimobranchial body 3:118, 203, 223, 226, 235–236, 238–239

Ultracentrifugation 3:37

Ultrafiltrate 5:448, 450, 482

Ultrafiltration 5:1

Ultrastructural techniques 18:153

Ultrastructure 5:231, 414–419, 423–424, 426, 431, 433–434, 437, 439, 467, 472; 19:21, 111–112, 493

Ultraviolet light 16:163; 18:168, 302

and reproduction 15:28

and Vitamin D 14:210

secretions absorbing 18:168, 302

vision 18:329, 377, 396

Ultrocalamus 8:25

Ulva 5:392

Uma 5:27, 132, 144, 160, 169, 204, 243, 245, 298, 420, 491; 7:188, 484; 8:656, 684; 12:69, 103, 110, 330, 335, 346–347, 360, 376, 431, 461, 468, 471, 487, 489, 496–497; 13:65, 183, 211; 16:29, 117, 140, 212, 248, 464–465, 515; 18:173, 433, 436; 20:80, 84–85, 293; 21:68

adrenal 3:280

blood cell morphology 3:76

blood chemistry 3:43

ear 2:223, 266, 271

nose 2:119, 128–130, 134–135, 159, 178–180

notata 18:257, 269, 362; 20:293, 305

pituitary 3:170, 192

scoparia 21:44, 47, 57

thyroid 3:223, 227

urinogenital system 6:59–60, 63, 70, 78, 89, 97, 100, 121

Umbilical

blood vessels (see also Arteries; Veins) 15:538– 539, 546, 553, 559

cord 15:536–540

region 14:362

stalk 14:379, 404, 439, 443; 15:538

vessels 6:456; 14:4

Umbilicus 14:165, 379–380, 499, 512, 535–536

Umbrivaga 16:149; 19:227

mertensi 19:164, 217

pygmaeus 19:217; 20:656

Unanesthetized specimens 5:39, 50, 256, 350

Uncinate process 1:230, 235, 237, 253, 260, 301; 11:378–379, 429

Unconditioned

response 7:558

stimulus 7:558

Underwater hibernation 13:81–82

Underwoodisaurus 12:123

Undulatory locomotion 1:204, 299

Unechis 8:26; 12:132; 13:301, 308, 310–311; 15:654; 16:205, 282, 482–484, 520; 19:104, 222

boschmani 8:25

brevicaudus 8:26

carpentariae 8:26; 20:630

flagellum 8:26

gouldii 8:26; 20:629

monachus 8:26

nigrostriatus 8:26

Ungaliopheinae 21:543, 565

Ungaliophiinae 19:219; 20:460

Ungaliophis 19:33, 81, 219; 20:353, 445, 460, 466–468, 470–471, 474; 21:530, 553, 610

continentalis 19:189

panamensis 19:189; 20:462, 467, 471, 609

pit organs 2:301

Ungual phalanghes 21:133, 186, 188, 306, 308, 312, 382

Unguis 21:130

Unicellular

organisms 5:156

poikilotherms 5:128

thymic corpuscle (see Myoid cell)

Unicipital rib 1:209, 222, 227, 245, 252, 278

Unimodal temperature distribution 12:218

Union of epiphyseal centers 1:101–104

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 2:322

United States of America 2:321

Unmasking effect 8:124

Unmyelineated axon 2:156

Unsheathed receptor 9:418

Untere Ausbuchtung (see Ventral recess)

Untere Nasendrüse (see Medial nasal gland)

Untere Vorhofsdrüse (see Medial nasal gland)

Upper

Eocene anguids 15:331

eyelid 2:9, 11, 14, 63, 67, 74–75, 88; 4:212

jaw 2:302; 20:352, 355–356, 367, 371, 392, 400, 409, 414, 416, 433, 437–438, 440, 443, 459, 472, 486, 510, 587, 589, 591

jaw kinesis 20:367, 588

labial scale (see Supralabial scale)

lethal temperature 12:293

lip 2:224–225

nasal chamber (see Extraconchal space)

Permian reptiles 15:338

selected temperature 12:293

temporal arch (see also Dorsal temporal arch) 20:44, 56, 63, 78, 91, 103, 106, 108, 110, 115–118, 128, 130, 136–137, 140, 144, 149, 151, 157, 167, 173, 175, 184, 187, 194, 198, 208, 210, 217–219, 221, 224, 227, 233, 235–236, 240–241, 251, 254, 261–262, 275

temporal fenestra 20:14, 19, 40, 42, 44, 56, 65, 68, 74, 84, 91, 99, 103, 108, 110, 115–116, 118, 122, 138, 140, 144, 149, 151–152, 154, 157–158, 160, 162, 165–168, 170, 175, 178, 184, 186, 189–190, 194, 198, 202–203, 208, 210, 214, 217–218, 224, 227, 230, 233–234, 249, 260–262, 275, 282–284, 287

-turbinal (see Concha)

Uracentron 9:339; 15:329; 16:29, 130, 140, 256; 20:80, 82, 293

axial muscles 11:357

axial skeleton 1:269

Uraniscodon 7:140, 484; 12:105–106; 16:139; 21:104, 338, 357, 361

Uranocentrum 12:399

Uranyl acetate 3:241–242, 244, 333; 6:226; 11:324

Urate salts (see also Urea) 5:415, 488, 491

secretion 5:496

transport 5:492–493, 495, 497

Urates 5:10, 383, 390, 413, 458, 488–497

Urea 3:8–12, 25–26, 52–53; 5:67, 383, 483, 487, 489–490; 8:321, 646; 12:287, 326–335, 341–349, 352–353, 355, 361, 366, 368; 13:84, 88–89; 14:232, 235, 377; 15:565–566, 575; 16:567; 19:489, 498, 515

-cycle 3:52

determination 5:60

dissociation by 8:177

Urease 3:26; 5:60; 15:566

Ureotelism 5:489

Ureter 6:19–21, 24–29, 31, 38, 42–44, 49, 65, 67, 85, 88, 106, 120

development 15:187, 192–194, 196, 201–202, 206, 218

effect of testosterone 15:250

Ureteral tubule 6:23

urinary nitrogen 5:488

urine 5:97, 450, 455, 465–469, 471–472, 474– 476, 478, 480–482, 486, 488–491, 498

Uretere primaire (see Wolffian duct)

Ureteric bud 6:20, 120

Ureters 5:96–97, 383, 389, 491; 14:441

Urethane 5:46–47, 51

Urethra 6:437

Uric acid 3:8–12, 25–26; 5:67, 388, 458, 487, 489–491, 496; 6:46; 12:287; 13:89; 14:235, 377; 15:565–566; 18:305; 19:498, 515, 524

Uricotelic animals 5:172

mode 5:10

Uricotelism 5:489

Urinary

bladder 3:214, 271; 5:57–58, 98, 228, 327, 382–384, 389, 394, 398, 401; 6:1, 25–29, 88, 274, 332, 336–338, 340, 395, 407, 434, 437, 443; 14:144

bladder, epithelia 5:55

energy loss 13:236

excretion 5:81, 450

granule 6:33

loss 5:381

nitrogen excretion 5:81, 388, 483, 486–489

papillae 5:97

reservoir 6:27

sinus 6:274

solutes 12:326, 362–366, 487

tract 5:353, 360

water loss 5:385, 399

Urination 16:390

Urine 3:13, 15, 214, 243; 5:10, 37, 55, 70, 96–98, 100, 102, 353, 360, 370, 372, 381–385, 389–390, 400–401, 405–406, 447, 451, 455–456, 459– 460, 462–463, 470, 474–478, 480–483, 486, 488–490, 496, 498; 6:31, 44, 116, 118; 12:254, 325–326, 342, 344, 347–348, 350, 352, 354, 361–363, 365–366, 368, 370, 487, 497; 13:72, 85, 88–89, 236; 18:117, 178, 193, 205

collection 5:96

pH 5:481, 486, 488

/plasma ratio 12:364, 370, 374

urinary duct 18:116

urination 18:164

Uriniferous tubule 6:21–23, 29–37, 39–40, 44–45, 47–48, 70, 120

Urinogenital

lymphatics of 6:434–444

papilla 14:294, 296, 298

system 6:1–157

development 14:14, 311, 439

Urnierenbläschen 6:14

Urodaeal glands 6:296

Urodaeum (see also Cloaca) 18:116, 155, 165

compartments 15:205

development 15:194–205, 218, 226, 230–231, 233, 239, 245

effect of estrogens 15:253–254, 256

function 15:206

gland (see Gland, urodaeal)

structure 15:207–215

Urodela 19:46, 67, 316, 537, 567–568

chondrocranium 11:207

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:84, 90, 107

head muscles and visceral skeleton 4:162

histology of gut 6:277

nose 2:102, 183

parathyroid 3:235, 240

urinogenital system 6:3, 110

Urodele(s) 9:17; 10:167; 21:51, 293, 304, 312, 319, 322, 328, 330, 355, 366–367

aortic arches 14:495

bone marrow 14:614

cranial nerves 14:495

effect of temperature 15:282

effect of testosterone 15:276

regeneration 14:558; 15:303, 390–391

Urodeum (see Urodaeum)

Urogenital (Fossa) 18:165

connections 15:171–174

crests 15:214

organs 19:39

system (see also Urinogenital system) 10:9, 39, 45

Urohyale (see Hypoglossum)

Uromacer 7:503; 16:149; 19:226

catesbyi 19:217

frenatus 18:485; 19:166, 217

oxyrhynchus 19:217

wetmorei 19:217

Uromacerina 19:227

richardini 19:217

Uromastyx 5:132, 143, 168, 199, 201, 203, 205, 280, 307, 369, 393, 401–402, 423, 424; 7:20, 101, 114, 158, 163–164, 168, 171, 174, 182, 189, 302, 304, 489; 8:66, 144, 612, 619, 631, 633, 636–637, 640–642, 662, 678; 9:157, 330; 10:203; 12:107–108, 253, 330, 339, 346, 348–349, 351, 354–355, 357, 362–363, 365–367, 376, 383–384; 13:78, 81–82, 86, 90–91, 170; 14:617, 625–626, 628–629; 15:251, 330–331, 343, 581; 16:50, 114, 137, 251–252; 17:181–182, 196, 207, 561; 20:52– 54, 58–59, 63, 78, 91–94, 96–98, 100–105, 258, 260, 266–267, 270–271, 305; 21:68, 76, 88, 140, 145, 159–160, 170, 172, 238, 250, 252, 259, 266, 276, 279, 288–289, 294, 298–303, 338, 347, 356–357, 361–362, 374, 378–379, 381–383, 388–391, 393, 396

acanthinurus 19:22, 80; 20:294, 305

adrenal 3:280

aegyptius 19:550, 552, 579; 20:94, 99, 294, 305; 21:7, 123

axial muscles 11:357, 385

axial skeleton 1:247, 258, 269

blood chemistry 3:5, 9, 28, 33

chondrocranium 11:34, 91

dentition 1:157–158, 160

ear 2:238, 266, 271

eye 2:20, 27

hardwicki(i) 19:22, 80, 407, 418; 20:294, 305; 21:7, 208

histology of gut 6:236, 278

internal relief of gut 6:177–178, 182, 185, 188

jaw muscles 4:315, 318, 326–330, 332–340, 398, 413–414, 416, 419, 477

lymphatics 6:336–337, 339, 355, 357, 359, 362, 381, 390, 394, 397, 402, 406, 425, 453

muscle tissue 11:283, 336

nose 2:120

spinipes 20:294

thymus 3:113

thyroid 3:212, 223, 227

urinogenital system 6:37, 49, 59, 61, 71, 76, 79, 87, 98, 116

Uropeltidae 7:9, 498; 8:73, 695; 10:223, 225, 239; 12:126, 134; 15:645, 664, 667, 671; 16:38–39, 54, 121, 151, 206, 454; 19:127, 151–152, 159, 161–162, 165, 186, 218, 415; 20:354, 390, 396, 399–400, 402–416, 419–420, 422–423, 427, 430–432, 491, 563, 585, 590, 601; 21:513, 533, 544–545, 549

axial skeleton 1:204, 284–285, 288–292, 296–297

chondrocranium 11:178–180, 202

dentition 1:179

ear 2:252

eye 2:54

jaw muscles 4:371, 373–374, 423, 426, 430, 432–433, 440, 468–470, 480

muscle tissue 11:280, 296

nose 2:120

taxonomic literature 2:320

urinogenital system 6:30

Uropeltinae 21:544–545, 548

Uropeltis 8:695; 12:134; 16:40, 151, 232; 19:105, 148, 218; 20:402–403

arcticeps 19:186

axial skeleton 1:289, 291

brevis 19:186; 20:406, 602

broughmani 19:186

ceylanicus 19:186; 20:410, 602

chondrocranium 11:178, 180

ear 2:227, 268, 271

ellioti 19:186

grandis 19:186; 20:602

jaw muscles 4:423, 444–445, 469, 480

liura 19:186

macrolepis 19:186

madurensis 19:186

melanogaster 19:186

myhendrae 19:186

nitidus 19:186

nose 2:179

ocellata(us) 19:186; 20:404, 409, 602

petersi 19:186

phillipsi 19:419

phipsoni 19:186

pulneyensis 19:186; 21:545

rubrolineatus 19:186, 415, 419

rubromaculata 19:186

smithi 20:602

woodmasoni 19:186; 20:602

Uroplatidae 21:110

Uroplatus 16:124, 252, 260; 19:24; 20:117–118, 120, 296; 21:79–80, 89, 95, 141, 155, 160, 189, 228, 275, 279, 288, 397

axial skeleton 1:241, 253, 259–260, 262, 268; 15:328, 344

dentition 1:161

ear 2:271

eye 2:26, 30–31, 89

fimbriatus 19:26, 39, 80; 20:296, 306

internal relief of gut 6:177, 183

jaw muscles 4:348, 350–351, 418–419, 478

sikorae 19:26, 80

Urosaurus 5:30, 132, 144, 164–165, 175; 7:16, 51, 68, 187, 189, 270, 275, 310–311, 436–437, 451– 452, 485; 12:52, 103, 461, 489; 13:59, 103, 115, 125–126, 128, 133, 211, 235, 237, 250, 252, 256, 258–259, 263–265; 15:348; 16:23, 50, 117, 140, 249, 363, 445–446, 453, 463–465, 477, 515–516; 18:334; 20:80, 86, 293

bicarinatus 18:362

epiphyses and sesamoids 1:95, 105, 109– 110

eye 2:26, 28

graciosus 20:305

ornatus 18:87, 334–337, 362, 364–365, 382, 396; 20:293

urinogenital system 6:59

Urostrophus 15:329; 16:257

axial skeleton 1:269

ear 2:271

torquatus 20:304

vautieri 20304.

Urotheca 19:100, 229

guentheri 19:217

Ursids 21:336

Ursus 16:11, 60

USP 5:58

Uta 5:129, 132, 138, 140–144, 158, 160, 162, 164, 175, 177–179, 181, 183, 185, 195, 255, 379; 7:8, 10, 16, 51, 54, 94–95, 103, 161–163, 166, 169–172, 174, 179–181, 183–184, 187–191, 193–194, 196, 199–201, 244–246, 262, 269–270, 275, 310, 362, 370, 411–412, 414–415, 418, 431, 436–437, 439, 441–442, 444, 447, 449–454, 458; 8:596, 636; 9:330; 12:34, 54, 62, 94, 98, 103, 302, 456, 461–462, 467, 474, 489; 13:57– 58, 128, 179–181, 183–184, 207, 214, 237, 255–256, 260, 289, 309, 311; 14:11, 700, 702, 709; 15:42, 346, 349, 588; 16:12, 21, 49, 117, 124, 140, 242, 250, 261–262, 265, 464–465, 516; 17:653; 18:334, 433; 20:80, 293

adrenal 3:280

antiquua 20:305

blood cell morphology 3:76

blood chemistry 3:9, 30, 36

chondrocranium 11:86–87, 89

ear 2:266, 271

eye 2:26, 28

nose 2:119, 128

palmeri 18:329, 362–364

pituitary 3:170

stansburiana 18:26, 89–90, 172, 249, 254, 256–257, 276, 387–391; 20:305

stansburiana stejnegeri 18:334

urinogenital system 6:59, 72–73, 78, 82, 84, 97, 100, 104, 116, 118

Uterine

artery 6:86

blood collectors (see also Arteries; Veins) 15:552–553, 555–559, 594

chamber 15:534, 536–537, 585–586

collectors 6:440–441

contractility 15:589–591

contraction 17:595

effect of oxytocin 15:589, 591

epithelium 15:534, 541, 543, 546, 550–552, 554–555, 557–558, 560–561, 563–564, 594

folds 15:555–556, 558–560

gland(s) 6:85, 89, 92, 95; 15:47, 550

lymphatic net 6:440

mucosa 15:549–550, 554, 559–560

muscle 14:220

tube (see Uterus)

vein 6:86

Uterus 6:54, 85–87, 90, 92, 94–95, 338, 353, 434, 440–441

secretory activity 15:563–564

strip 10:247

vascularization 15:534–537, 542, 552, 575, 585–586, 592–593

Utricle 2:196, 203–208, 210, 218–219, 228–229, 234, 236, 252, 256, 259–260

Utricular macula 2:204–205, 207, 210, 218

Utriculosaccular duct 2:207

Utriculus 9:13; 10:215, 219; 11:140, 166

UV (see Ultraviolet light)

Uzbekistan 2:322

 

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